Jianchao Wei

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Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), as a re-emerging virus that causes 10,000-15,000 human deaths from encephalitis in the world each year, has had a significant impact on public health. Pigs are the natural reservoirs of JEV and play an important role in the amplification, dispersal and epidemiology of JEV. The nonstructural protein 3 (NS3) of JEV possesses(More)
The bursa of Fabricius is central immune organ unique to birds, and the extract is immunocompetent in stimulating B cell differentiation and enhancing antibody production. However, except for bursin, the active peptides from the bursa of Fabricius are little reported. In the paper, a novel bursal septpeptide (BSP-II) with the amino acids sequence of TPSGLVY(More)
Human guanylate-binding protein 1 (hGBP1) is an interferon-inducible protein involved in the host immune response against viral infection. In response to infection by influenza A virus (IAV), hGBP1 transcript and protein were significantly upregulated. Overexpression of hGBP1 inhibited IAV replication in a dose-dependent manner in vitro. The lysine residue(More)
Influenza A virus (IAV) induces apoptosis of infected cells. In response to IAV infection, p53, a tumor suppressor involved in regulating apoptosis and host antiviral defense, accumulates and becomes activated. This study was undertaken to examine the mechanism of p53 accumulation in IAV-infected cells. Here we show that p53 accumulation in IAV-infected(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the genetic basis of pleuromutilin resistance in porcine methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and to map the genetic environment of the identified plasmid-borne resistance gene. METHODS Seventy porcine MRSA isolates, which exhibited high MICs of tiamulin, valnemulin and retapamulin, were investigated for(More)
Human guanylate-binding protein 1 (hGBP1) plays an important role in antitumor and antiviral immune responses. Here, we show that tumor suppressor p53 positively regulated hGBP1 transcription via binding to the p53 response element (p53RE) present in the hGBP1 promoter region. p53 activation by 5-fluorouracil significantly increased hGBP1 expression in(More)
Influenza A virus (IAV) infection induces secretion of type I interferon (IFN) and activation of p53, which play essential roles in the host defense against tumor development and viral infection. In this study, we knocked down p53 expression by RNA interference. The expression levels of IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs) including IFN regulatory factor (IRF) 5,(More)
Antibacterial peptides from various sources express different antibacterial activity. In order to obtain a high activity antibacterial peptide, the sequences of four antimicrobial peptides--Protegrin-1, 4 kDa Scorpion Defensin, Metalnikowin-2A and Sheep Myeloid Antibacterial Peptide SMAP-29--were exploited to generate a synthetic antimicrobial peptide cp(More)
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) has a significant impact on public health. An estimated three billion people in 'at-risk’ regions remain unvaccinated and the number of unvaccinated individuals in certain Asian countries is increasing. Consequently, there is an urgent need for the development of novel therapeutic agents against Japanese encephalitis.(More)
This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance in Campylobacter spp. isolates from broilers in live bird markets (LBMs). A total of 209 Campylobacter spp. isolates (84 Campylobacter jejuni; 125 Campylobacter coli) were recovered from 364 broiler cecum samples collected from five LBMs in Shanghai, China. Minimum inhibitory(More)