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Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved lysosomal degradation pathway, yet the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP), one of the most potent Ca(2+) mobilizing messengers, elicits Ca(2+) release from lysosomes via the two pore channel 2 (TPC2) in many cell types. Here we found that(More)
Nicotinic adenine acid dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is one of the most potent endogenous Ca(2+) mobilizing messengers. NAADP mobilizes Ca(2+) from an acidic lysosome-related store, which can be subsequently amplified into global Ca(2+) waves by calcium-induced calcium release (CICR) from ER/SR via Ins(1,4,5)P 3 receptors or ryanodine receptors. A body of(More)
The ERK1/ERK2 MAP kinases (MAPKs) are transiently activated during mitosis, and MAPK activation has been implicated in the spindle assembly checkpoint and in establishing the timing of an unperturbed mitosis. The MAPK activator MEK1 is required for mitotic activation of p42 MAPK in Xenopus egg extracts; however, the identity of the kinase that activates(More)
Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is an endogenous Ca(2+) mobilizing nucleotide presented in various species. NAADP mobilizes Ca(2+) from acidic organelles through two pore channel 2 (TPC2) in many cell types and it has been previously shown that NAADP can potently induce neuronal differentiation in PC12 cells. Here we examined the role(More)
Cyclic adenosine diphosphate ribose is an endogenous Ca(2+) mobilizer involved in diverse cellular processes. A cell membrane-permeable cyclic adenosine diphosphate ribose analogue, cyclic inosine diphosphoribose ether (cIDPRE), can induce Ca(2+) increase in intact human Jurkat T-lymphocytes. Here we synthesized a coumarin-caged analogue of cIDPRE(More)
Cyclic adenosine diphosphoribose (cADPR) is an endogenous Ca(2+) mobilizing messenger that is formed by ADP-ribosyl cyclases from nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD). The main ADP-ribosyl cyclase in mammals is CD38, a multi-functional enzyme and a type II membrane protein. Here we explored the role of CD38-cADPR-Ca(2+) in the cardiomyogenesis of mouse(More)
Transient potential receptor melastatin-2 (TRPM2) is a non-selective Ca(2+)-permeable cation channel of the TRPM channel subfamily and is mainly activated by intracellular adenosine diphosphate ribose (ADPR). Here we synthesized a 1-(2-nitrophenyl)ethyl caged ADPR (NPE-ADPR) and found that uncaging of NPE-ADPR efficiently stimulated Ca(2+), Mg(2+), and(More)
Intracellular pH (pHi) and Ca(2+) regulate essentially all aspects of cellular activities. Their inter-relationship has not been mechanistically explored. In this study, we used bases and acetic acid to manipulate the pHi. We found that transient pHi rise induced by both organic and inorganic bases, but not acidification induced by acid, produced elevation(More)
Autophagy is a catabolic lysosomal degradation process essential for cellular homeostasis and cell survival. Dysfunctional autophagy has been associated with a wide range of human diseases, e.g., cancer and neurodegenerative diseases. A large number of small molecules that modulate autophagy have been widely used to dissect this process and some of them,(More)
Preadipocytes are widely used as an in vitro model to investigate proliferation, adipogenic differentiation, and lipodystrophy; however, cellular physiology and biology are not fully understood in human preadipocytes. The present study was to investigate the expression of transient receptor potential (TRP) channels in human preadipocytes and their potential(More)