Jianbo Xiao

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To develop an optimal bioprocess for the production of tanshinone which is mainly used for the treatment of cardiocerebral vascular disease, the tanshinone biosynthetic pathway regulation must be better understood. In this paper, expression of tanshinone biosynthetic pathway related genes as well as tanshinone accumulation in Salvia miltiorrhiza hairy root(More)
BACKGROUND Tropane alkaloids (TA) including anisodamine, anisodine, hyoscyamine and scopolamine are a group of important anticholinergic drugs with rapidly increasing market demand, so it is significant to improve TA production by biotechnological approaches. Putrescine N-methyltransferase (PMT) was considered as the first rate-limiting upstream enzyme(More)
As of late, polyphenols have increasingly interested the scientific community due to their proposed health benefits. Much of this attention has focused on their bioavailability. Polyphenol-gut microbiota interactions should be considered to understand their biological functions. The dichotomy between the biotransformation of polyphenols into their(More)
Tanshinone is widely used for treatment of cardio-cerebrovascular diseases with increasing demand. Herein, key enzyme genes SmHMGR (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA reductase) and SmDXR (1-deoxy-d-xylulose 5-phosphate reductoisomerase) involved in the tanshinone biosynthetic pathway were introduced into Salvia miltiorrhiza (Sm) hairy roots to enhance(More)
Multiple visual stimuli are common in natural scenes, yet it remains unclear how multiple stimuli interact to influence neuronal responses. We investigated this question by manipulating relative signal strengths of two stimuli moving simultaneously within the receptive fields (RFs) of neurons in the extrastriate middle temporal (MT) cortex. Visual stimuli(More)
UNLABELLED Segmenting visual scenes into distinct objects and surfaces is a fundamental visual function. To better understand the underlying neural mechanism, we investigated how neurons in the middle temporal cortex (MT) of macaque monkeys represent overlapping random-dot stimuli moving transparently in slightly different directions. It has been shown that(More)
Marchantia polymorpha L. is a representative bryophyte used as a traditional Chinese medicinal herb for scald and pneumonia. The phytochemicals in M. polymorpha L. are terpenoids and flavonoids, among which especially the flavonoids show significant human health benefits. Many researches on the gametophyte of M. polymorpha L. have been reported. However, as(More)
The plants of the genus Salvia L. are important medicinal herbs of the Lamiaceae family and some of them such as S. officinalis (sage), S. miltiorrhiza (red sage, Danshen) and S. sclarea (clary sage) have been used as medicinal plants in the folk medicine of several countries. In this review, we discuss the reports that have examined Salvia species with the(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder associated with memory impairment and cognitive deficit, which is characterized with low levels of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter, in the brain of the patients. Histopathological hallmarks of AD include deposition of-amyloid (A) plaques and formation of neurofibrillary tangles.(More)