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Tanshinone is a group of active diterpenes widely used in treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Here, we report the introduction of genes encoding 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA reductase (HMGR), 1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate synthase (DXS) and geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase (GGPPS) involved in tanshinone biosynthesis into Salvia miltiorrhiza hairy(More)
To develop an optimal bioprocess for the production of tanshinone which is mainly used for the treatment of cardiocerebral vascular disease, the tanshinone biosynthetic pathway regulation must be better understood. In this paper, expression of tanshinone biosynthetic pathway related genes as well as tanshinone accumulation in Salvia miltiorrhiza hairy root(More)
BACKGROUND Tropane alkaloids (TA) including anisodamine, anisodine, hyoscyamine and scopolamine are a group of important anticholinergic drugs with rapidly increasing market demand, so it is significant to improve TA production by biotechnological approaches. Putrescine N-methyltransferase (PMT) was considered as the first rate-limiting upstream enzyme(More)
The crude polysaccharides from tea leaves (TPS) looks like have good antioxidant activities. However, whether or not the antioxidant abilities of crude TPS depend on tea polyphenols in the crude TPS is not understand. Herein, TPS fractions were isolated from crude TPS and their antioxidant activities were compared. The crude TPS showed stronger antioxidant(More)
Dietary stilbenoids are associated with many benefits for human health, which depend on their bioavailability and bioaccessibility. The stilbenoid-human serum albumin (HSA) interactions are investigated to explore the structure-affinity relationship and influence on the stability, free radical scavenging activity and cell uptake of stilbenoids. The(More)
The inhibitory effects of dietary polyphenols against α-amylase have attracted great interest among researchers. The aim of this review is to give an overview of the research reports on the structure-activity relationship of polyphenols inhibiting α-amylase. The molecular structures that influence the inhibition are the following: (1) The hydroxylation of(More)
The interaction of puerarin and bovine serum albumin (BSA) was investigated by means of fluorescence spectroscopy, resonance light-scattering spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, and synchronous fluorescence spectra. The apparent binding constants (K(a)) between puerarin and BSA were 1.13 x 10(4) (20 degrees C), and 1.54 x 10(4) lmol(-1) (30 degrees C), and(More)
The relationship between the structural properties of selected dietary flavanoids and flavonoids and their affinities for HSA were investigated by fluorescence analysis. The binding process with HSA was strongly influenced by the structural differences of the compounds under study. Methylation of hydroxyl groups improved the affinities for HSA by 2-16-fold.(More)
Purple sweet potato starch is a potential resource for resistant starch production. The effects of heat-moisture treatment (HMT) and enzyme debranching combined heat-moisture treatment (EHMT) on the morphological, crystallinity and thermal properties of PSP starches were investigated. The results indicated that, after HMT or EHMT treatments, native starch(More)
The natural flavonoids, especially their glycosides, are the most abundant polyphenols in foods and have diverse bioactivities. The biotransformation of flavonoid aglycones into their glycosides is vital in flavonoid biosynthesis. The main biological strategies that have been used to achieve flavonoid glycosylation in the laboratory involve metabolic(More)