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w e propose Q novel approach for solving the perceptual grouping problem in vision. Rather than fo-cusing on local features and their consistencies in the amage data, our approach aims at extracting the global impression of an image. We treat image segmenta-tion QS (I graph partitioning problem and propose Q novel global criterion, the normalized cut, for(More)
No feature-based vision system can work unless good features can be identiied and tracked from frame to frame. Although tracking itself is by and large a solved problem, selecting features that can be tracked well and correspond to physical points in the world is still hard. We propose a feature selection criterion that is optimal by construction because it(More)
We propose a principled account on multiclass spectral clustering. Given a discrete clustering formulation, we first solve a relaxed continuous optimization problem by eigen-decomposition. We clarify the role of eigenvectors as a generator of all optimal solutions through orthonormal transforms. We then solve an optimal discretization problem, which seeks a(More)
We present an object recognition system that locates an object, identifies its parts, and segments out its contours. A key distinction of our approach is that we use long, salient, bottom-up image contours to learn object shape, and to achieve object detection with the learned shape. Most learning methods rely on one-to-one matching of contours to a model.(More)
This paper provides an algorithm for partitioning grayscale images into disjoint regions of coherent brightness and texture. Natural images contain both textured and untextured regions, so the cues of contour and texture differences are exploited simultaneously. Contours are treated in the intervening contour framework, while texture is analyzed using(More)
We present a multiscale spectral image segmentation algorithm. In contrast to most multiscale image processing, this algorithm works on multiple scales of the image in parallel , without iteration, to capture both coarse and fine level details. The algorithm is computationally efficient, allowing to segment large images. We use the Normalized Cut graph(More)
We present a new view of image segmentation by pairwise similarities. We interpret the similarities as edge ows in a Markov random walk and study the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the walk's transition matrix. This interpretation shows that spectral methods for clustering and segmentation have a probabilistic foundation. In particular, we prove that the(More)
We introduce a shape detection framework called Contour Context Selection for detecting objects in cluttered images using only one exemplar. Shape based detection is invariant to changes of object appearance, and can reason with geometrical abstraction of the object. Our approach uses salient contours as integral tokens for shape matching. We seek a(More)