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BACKGROUND Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is considered to be the primary causative agent of postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS), which has become a serious economic problem for the swine industry worldwide. The major genotypes, PCV2a and PCV2b, are highly prevalent in the pig population and are present worldwide. However, another newly(More)
Most of the recent successful methods in accurate object detection and localization used some variants of RCNN style two stage Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) where plausible regions were proposed in the first stage then followed by a second stage for decision refinement. Despite the simplicity of training and the efficiency in deployment, the single(More)
Torque teno sus viruses (TTSuVs) are non-enveloped viruses and have single-stranded, negative sense circular DNA genomes and are widely distributed in pigs. But till now, the prevalence of TTSuVs with porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) in pig herds of China is not very clear; and the genetic variation among different TTSuVs isolate is very large and need to(More)
A novel, high sensitive, and specific DNA assay based on gold nanoparticle (AuNP) colorimetric detection and hybridization chain reaction (HCR) amplification has been demonstrated in this article. Two hairpin auxiliary probes were designed with single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) sticky ends which stabilize AuNPs and effectively prevent them from salt-induced(More)
In this paper, we demonstrated that Au nanorods coated with a shell composed of Pt nanodots (Au@Pt nanostructures) exhibited intrinsic oxidase-like, peroxidase-like and catalase-like activity, catalyzing oxygen and hydrogen peroxide reduction and the dismutation decomposition of hydrogen peroxide to produce oxygen. Based on these findings, we established an(More)
Here, we report the frequency of porcine hokovirus (PHoV) infection and its co-infection with porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2) in China. A total of 485 domestic pig samples were tested for both PHoV and PCV2, and NS1 gene sequences from 11 PHoV strains were used for phylogenetic analysis. The prevalence of PHoV and PCV2 was 51.3 % and 36.3 %, respectively, and(More)
A highly pathogenic strain of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV-HBR) was passaged on Marc-145 cells for 125 passages. In order to elucidate the change in virulence of PRRSV-HBR strain during the process of passage in vitro, swine infection experiment was performed with the viruses of low (F5 and F10) and high passage (F125). In(More)
Phosphopantetheinyl transferases (PPTases), which play an essential role in both primary and secondary metabolism, are magnesium binding enzymes. In this study, we characterized the magnesium binding residues of all known group II PPTases by biochemical and evolutionary analysis. Our results suggested that group II PPTases could be classified into two(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the prevalence and correlates of HIV/syphilis infections and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Chongqing, China. METHOD Cross-sectional surveys were conducted to provide information, including sociodemographics, sexual and drug use behaviors, HIV knowledge, and HIV-related services in 2006(More)
Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is a member of the collectin protein family that binds a broad range of microorganisms and activates the lectin-complement pathway of innate immunity. MBL deficiency is associated with an increased risk for various infections and arises from five polymorphisms in the promoter and first exon of the MBL gene in humans. In this(More)