Learn More
BACKGROUND The radial artery has been increasingly used in CABG. However, angiographic outcome data have been limited. METHODS AND RESULTS We reviewed all coronary angiography procedures from February 1996 to October 2001 and selected patients with a radial artery bypass graft. Angiographic outcomes were divided into groups as (1) occluded, (2) severe(More)
In electroporation, an electric field transiently permeabilizes the cell membrane to gain access to the cytoplasm, and to deliver active agents such as DNA, proteins, and drug molecules. Past work suggests that the permeabilization is caused by the formation of aqueous, conducting pores on the lipid membrane, which are also known as electropores. The(More)
Multiple pathways are responsible for transducing mechanical and hormonal stimuli into changes in gene expression during heart failure. In this study our goals were (i) to develop a sound statistical method to establish a comprehensive cutoff point for identification of differentially expressed genes, (ii) to identify a gene expression fingerprint for heart(More)
BACKGROUND Selective atrioventricular nodal (AVN) vagal stimulation (AVN-VS) has emerged as a novel strategy for ventricular rate (VR) control in atrial fibrillation (AF). Although AVN-VS preserves the physiological ventricular activation sequence, the resulting rate is slow but irregular. In contrast, AVN ablation with pacemaker implantation produces(More)
A numerical study of electroporation-mediated molecular delivery is presented. The model consists of the Nernst-Planck equations for species transport, coupled with an asymptotic Smoluchowski equation for membrane permeabilization. The transfer of calcium ions into a Chinese Hamster Ovary cell is simulated. The results reveal important physical insights.(More)
In this work, the effect of extra-cellular conductivity on electroporation-mediated molecular delivery efficiency is investigated. A numerical model combining the Smoluchowski equation for membrane permeabilization and the Nernst-Planck equations for ion transport is used to simulate the evolution of ion concentration spatially and temporally. The results(More)
OBJECTIVE Adherence to self-care behaviors improves heart failure (HF) morbidity and life quality. We examined short-term impact of video education (VE) in addition to standard education (SE) on HF healthcare utilization and self-care behavior adherence. METHODS One hundred and twelve hospitalized patients were randomly assigned to SE (n=53) or SE plus VE(More)
The site on which adult female Banks grass mite,Oligonychus pratensis (Banks), settled when placed on corn (Zea mays L.) leaves was significantly influenced by light, leaf surface, and gravity. Mites chose the abaxial side of corn leaves when light was excluded as a factor. With a light source present, the mites went to and stayed on the leaf surface away(More)
WUSCHEL (WUS)-related homeobox (WOX) protein family members play important roles in the maintenance and proliferation of the stem cell niche in the shoot apical meristem (SAM), root apical meristem (RAM), and cambium (CAM). Although the roles of some WOXs in meristematic cell regulation have been well studied in annual plants such as Arabidopsis and rice,(More)
Heat shock proteins (Hsps) are molecular chaperones that are involved in many normal cellular processes and stress responses, and heat shock factors (Hsfs) are the transcriptional activators of Hsps. Hsfs and Hsps are widely coordinated in various biological processes. Although the roles of Hsfs and Hsps in stress responses have been well characterized in(More)