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Polyamines (putrescine, spermidine, and spermine) are essential for placental growth and angiogenesis. However, little is known about polyamine synthesis in the porcine placenta during conceptus development. The present study was conducted to test the hypothesis that arginine and proline are the major sources of ornithine for placental polyamine production(More)
Glutamine plays a vital role in fetal carbon and nitrogen metabolism and exhibits the highest fetal:maternal plasma ratio among all amino acids in pigs. Such disparate glutamine levels between mother and fetus suggest that glutamine may be actively synthesized and released into the fetal circulation by the porcine placenta. We hypothesized that(More)
Fast, accurate and automatic segmentation of acute ischemic stroke lesions is important for clinical trials and has potential for efficient stroke management. To identify stroke slices, stroke hemisphere, and segment stroke regions in diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI), divergence based algorithms are proposed. The study used 57 DWI volumes(More)
This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that dietary supplementation of arginine, the physiologic precursor of nitric oxide (NO), reduces fat mass in the Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rat, a genetically obese animal model of type-II diabetes mellitus. Male ZDF rats, 9 wk old, were pair-fed Purina 5008 diet and received drinking water containing(More)
Porcine trophoblast attachment to the uterine surface is associated with increased conceptus and endometrial production of prostaglandins. Conceptus secretion of estrogen on Day 12 of gestation is important for establishment of pregnancy; however, early (Days 9 and 10) exposure to exogenous estrogens results in embryonic mortality. Present studies(More)
Postnatal development of the mouse uterus involves differentiation and development of the endometrial glands as well as the myometrium. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) are involved in extracellular matrix breakdown and morphogenesis of many epitheliomesenchymal organs. As a first step to understanding their roles in(More)
The uterus is an essential organ for reproduction in mammals. Despite the importance of the uterus for the fertility and health of women and their offspring, relatively little is known about the hormonal, cellular, and molecular mechanisms that regulate development of the uterus in either the fetus or neonate. Disruption of uterine development in the fetus(More)
Real-time RT-PCR has been frequently used in quantitative research in molecular biology and bioinformatics. It provides remarkably useful technology to assess expression of genes. Although mathematical models for gene amplification process have been studied, statistical models and methods for data analysis in real-time RT-PCR have received little attention.(More)
Testosterone is a key hormone regulating animal growth and development, which promotes skeletal muscle growth and inhibits fat deposition; however, the underlying mechanisms remain poorly defined. Because canonical Wingless and Int/β-catenin signaling promotes myogenesis, we hypothesized that testosterone regulates myogenesis through enhancing the β-catenin(More)
Secreted phosphoprotein 1 (SPP1, osteopontin) is the most highly upregulated extracellular matrix/adhesion molecule/cytokine in the receptive phase human uterus, and Spp1 null mice manifest decreased pregnancy rates during mid-gestation as compared with wild-type counterparts. We hypothesize that Spp1 is required for proliferation, migration, survival,(More)