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This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that dietary supplementation of arginine, the physiologic precursor of nitric oxide (NO), reduces fat mass in the Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rat, a genetically obese animal model of type-II diabetes mellitus. Male ZDF rats, 9 wk old, were pair-fed Purina 5008 diet and received drinking water containing(More)
Polyamines (putrescine, spermidine, and spermine) are essential for placental growth and angiogenesis. However, little is known about polyamine synthesis in the porcine placenta during conceptus development. The present study was conducted to test the hypothesis that arginine and proline are the major sources of ornithine for placental polyamine production(More)
Glutamine plays a vital role in fetal carbon and nitrogen metabolism and exhibits the highest fetal:maternal plasma ratio among all amino acids in pigs. Such disparate glutamine levels between mother and fetus suggest that glutamine may be actively synthesized and released into the fetal circulation by the porcine placenta. We hypothesized that(More)
Oxytocin (OT) stimulates endometrial secretion of prostaglandin (PG) F(2 alpha) during corpus luteum regression in swine but there is differential responsiveness to OT among endometrial cell types. To determine if progesterone influenced responsiveness of luminal epithelial, glandular epithelial, and stromal cells to 100 nM OT during luteolysis in swine,(More)
Fast, accurate and automatic segmentation of acute ischemic stroke lesions is important for clinical trials and has potential for efficient stroke management. To identify stroke slices, stroke hemisphere, and segment stroke regions in diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI), divergence based algorithms are proposed. The study used 57 DWI volumes(More)
Porcine trophoblast attachment to the uterine surface is associated with increased conceptus and endometrial production of prostaglandins. Conceptus secretion of estrogen on Day 12 of gestation is important for establishment of pregnancy; however, early (Days 9 and 10) exposure to exogenous estrogens results in embryonic mortality. Present studies(More)
The uterus is an essential organ for reproduction in mammals. Despite the importance of the uterus for the fertility and health of women and their offspring, relatively little is known about the hormonal, cellular, and molecular mechanisms that regulate development of the uterus in either the fetus or neonate. Disruption of uterine development in the fetus(More)
These studies were undertaken to determine how treatment with 100 nM progesterone and/or 10 nM oestradiol-17beta acutely (3 h; Experiment 1) or chronically (72 h; Experiments 2-4) influenced basal and oxytocin (OT)-stimulated prostaglandin (PG) F(2alpha) secretion, in enriched cultures of pig endometrial luminal epithelial, glandular epithelial and stromal(More)
Luminal epithelial cells of porcine endometrium are unresponsive to oxytocin (OT) in vitro although they express the greatest quantity of OT and receptors for OT in vivo. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine if oxytocin acted in an autocrine manner on luminal epithelial cells to stimulate prostaglandin (PG)F(2alpha) secretion. Treatment(More)
We put forward the spectral confusion phenomenon between vegetation and artificial objects - mostly roofs painted with "cool" blue/purple/green pigments in the urban environment. Both of them have the feature of low red and high near-infrared reflectance. For accurate vegetation extraction using high spatial resolution imagery (HSRI), we have developed a(More)