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Screening mammography is the most effective tool available for breast cancer detection. While screening mammography saves lives, it has intrinsic problems that limit further improvement. We hypothesize that protein biomarkers in nipple aspirate fluid (NAF) may separate the cancer from the non-cancer state, and therefore can be used for breast cancer(More)
Histologic grade is one of the most important microscopic features used to predict the prognosis of invasive breast cancer and may serve as a marker for studying cancer driving genomic abnormalities in vivo. We analyzed whole genome sequencing data from 680 cases of TCGA invasive ductal carcinomas of the breast and correlated them to corresponding pathology(More)
Annexin A1 (ANXA1) is a calcium- and phospholipid-binding protein and a known mediator of glucocorticoid-regulated inflammatory responses. Using a combined multiple high-throughput approach, we recently identified a reduced expression of ANXA1 in human breast cancer. The finding was confirmed at the gene level by quantitative reverse(More)
Cancer cell membrane proteins are released into the plasma/serum by exterior protein cleavage, membrane sloughing, cellular secretion or cell lysis, and represent promising candidates for interrogation. Because many known disease biomarkers are both glycoproteins and membrane bound, we chose the hydrazide method to specifically target, enrich, and identify(More)
To test the efficacy of combined high-throughput analyses (HTA) in target gene identification, screening criteria were set using >fivefold difference by microarray and statistically significant changes (p<0.01) in SAGE and EST. Microarray analysis of two normal and seven breast cancer samples found 129 genes with >fivefold changes. Further SAGE and EST(More)
Proteomics is a rapidly advancing field not only in the field of biology but also in translational cancer research. In recent years, mass spectrometry and associated technologies have been explored to identify proteins or a set of proteins specific to a given disease, for the purpose of disease detection and diagnosis. Such biomarkers are being investigated(More)
The HER-2/neu gene is a proto-oncogene that is amplified in 10-30% of breast cancers. New drugs for targeted therapy, such as Herceptin, are effective for patients with HER-2/neu-positive tumors, making it necessary to have a noncostly and accurate method to assess HER-2/neu status. We studied the correlation of findings made by fluorescent in situ(More)
We have begun an early phase of biomarker discovery in three clinically important types of breast cancer using a panel of human cell lines: HER2 positive, hormone receptor positive and HER2 negative, and triple negative (HER2-, ER-, PR-). We identified and characterized the most abundant secreted, sloughed, or leaked proteins released into serum free media(More)
Publicly available human genomic sequence data provide an unprecedented opportunity for researchers to decode the functionality of human genome. Such information is extremely valuable in cancer prevention diagnosis and treatment. Cancer Genome Anatomy Project (CGAP) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) are two bioinformatic infrastructures for studying(More)