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The precursor of solution-processed perovskite thin films is one of the most central components for high-efficiency perovskite solar cells. We first present the crucial colloidal chemistry visualization of the perovskite precursor solution based on analytical spectra and reveal that perovskite precursor solutions for solar cells are generally colloidal(More)
One of the basic assumptions in organic field-effect transistors, the most fundamental device unit in organic electronics, is that charge transport occurs two dimensionally in the first few molecular layers near the dielectric interface. Although the mobility of bulk organic semiconductors has increased dramatically, direct probing of intrinsic charge(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have emerged as a promising source of multipotent cells for various cell-based therapies due to their unique properties, and formation of 3D MSC aggregates has been explored as a potential strategy to enhance therapeutic efficacy. In this study, poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microparticles modified with human E-cadherin(More)
Graphene field-effect transistors (GFETs) with different metal electrodes are fabricated to explore the contact characteristics. The contact resistance and the spatial potential distribution along the graphene/metal interface are investigated. The low-doped graphene/metal contact can be reversibly switched between "ohmic" and "space-charge region limited"(More)
Two-dimensional atomic crystals are extensively studied in recent years due to their exciting physics and device applications. However, a molecular counterpart, with scalable processability and competitive device performance, is still challenging. Here, we demonstrate that high-quality few-layer dioctylbenzothienobenzothiophene molecular crystals can be(More)
Inspired by the nano/microscale hierarchical structure and the precise inorganic/organic interface of natural nacre, we fabricated artificial nacre-like papers based on noncovalent functionalized boron nitride nanosheets (NF-BNNSs) and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) via a vacuum-assisted self-assembly technique. The artificial nacre-like papers exhibit excellent(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the retinal ultrastructure of streptozocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats and the intervention effect of Lycium Barbarum Polysaccharides (LBP). METHODS The STZ-induced diabetic SD rat model was established. LBP was given to those in the treatment group by gastrogavage. Changes of body weight, blood glucose, and retinal ultrastructure at(More)
Multilayered graphene and single-layered graphene are assembled onto perovskite films in the form of Schottky junctions and ohmic contacts, respectively, for the production of a graphene-based hole transporting material-free perovskite solar cell. Multilayered graphene extracts charge selectively and efficiently, delivering a higher efficiency of 11.5% than(More)
In the past decade, graphene and graphene-like 2D materials have drawn more and more attention in both academia and industry due to their fascinating properties. As an atomically thin 2D layered material, graphene has extremely high environmental susceptibility, that is, its properties are strongly affected by its surroundings. In this review, the current(More)
Graphene fi eld-effect transistors (GFETs) are considered promising devices as a result of graphene’s notably high mobility, fl exibility, and ultrathin nature. [ 1 , 2 ] Indeed, high mobility up to 200 000 cm 2 V − 1 s − 1 and extraordinarily large mean free length were observed in clean suspended graphene at 5 K. [ 3 ] Unfortunately, the applications of(More)