Jianbin Chen

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The hydrophilic antioxidant content of 23 vegetables commonly consumed in Japan was assessed by the hydrophilic oxygen radical absorbance capacity (H-ORAC) method to estimate the dietary intake of total antioxidants in Japan. The estimated average H-ORAC value for "typical vegetables" consumed in Japan was 594.3 µmol Trolox equivalent (TE)/100 g. Hence,(More)
Zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs) can generate targeted gene disruption (GD) directly in developing embryos of zebrafish, mouse and human. In the fish medaka, ZFNs have been attempted on a transgene. Here, we developed procedures and parameters for ZFN-mediated direct GD on the gonad-specifically expressed gsdf locus in medaka. A pair of ZFNs was designed to(More)
PURPOSE 4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE) is a major lipid peroxidation product in the retina and the retinal pigment epithelium. The purpose of the present study was to investigate how NF-E2-related factor-2 (Nrf2) and phosphatidylinositol 3 (PI3K) pathways affect the responses of cultured human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells to 4-HNE. METHODS Cultured(More)
Arbutin, a practically used skin-lightening agent, has been reported to possess a weak antioxidant activity compared to that of its precursor, hydroquinone. However, its antioxidant activity has not been systematically evaluated. Hence, this study reassessed its activity using five assay systems. Assays were first performed using model radicals, DPPH(More)
There are many in vitro methods for evaluating antioxidant activity. In this chapter, we describe an operationally simple cell-based assay, oxidative hemolysis inhibition assay (OxHLIA). OxHLIA is based on inhibition of free radical-induced membrane damage in erythrocytes by antioxidants. The advantage of this method is that it uses peroxyl radicals as(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) is thought to mediate pharmacoresistance in tumor by inducing Pgp overexpression. We aimed to investigate the expression of HIF-1α and MDR1/P-glycoprotein in refractory epilepsy, to explore the correlation of HIF-1α with epilepsy multidrug resistance. We collected hippocampus and mesial temporal lobe (MTL) cortex of(More)
Kasabach-Merritt syndrome is a life-threatening and localized consumptive coagulopathy and characterized by profound thrombocytopenia and microangiopathic anemia. The huge tumor is the major cause of rapid platelet destruction, so we supposed that the reduction of tumor could reduce the platelet destruction and improve the clinical condition. In our cases,(More)
Gene targeting (GT) can introduce subtle alterations into a particular locus and represents a powerful tool for genome editing. Engineered zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs) are effective for generating minor allelic alterations. Efficient detection of such minor alterations remains one of the challenges in ZFN-mediated GT experiments. Here, we report the(More)
2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (PBDE-47)-elicited neurotoxicity is associated with neural apoptosis; however the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. To investigate whether the mitochondrial p53 pathway is involved in neuronal apoptosis induced by PBDE-47 and to correlate DNA hypomethylation with p53 activation, human neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y) cells were(More)