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Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) is thought to mediate pharmacoresistance in tumor by inducing Pgp overexpression. We aimed to investigate the expression of HIF-1α and MDR1/P-glycoprotein in refractory epilepsy, to explore the correlation of HIF-1α with epilepsy multidrug resistance. We collected hippocampus and mesial temporal lobe (MTL) cortex of(More)
Zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs) can generate targeted gene disruption (GD) directly in developing embryos of zebrafish, mouse and human. In the fish medaka, ZFNs have been attempted on a transgene. Here, we developed procedures and parameters for ZFN-mediated direct GD on the gonad-specifically expressed gsdf locus in medaka. A pair of ZFNs was designed to(More)
Gene targeting (GT) can introduce subtle alterations into a particular locus and represents a powerful tool for genome editing. Engineered zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs) are effective for generating minor allelic alterations. Efficient detection of such minor alterations remains one of the challenges in ZFN-mediated GT experiments. Here, we report the(More)
2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (PBDE-47)-elicited neurotoxicity is associated with neural apoptosis; however the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. To investigate whether the mitochondrial p53 pathway is involved in neuronal apoptosis induced by PBDE-47 and to correlate DNA hypomethylation with p53 activation, human neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y) cells were(More)
Arbutin, a practically used skin-lightening agent, has been reported to possess a weak antioxidant activity compared to that of its precursor, hydroquinone. However, its antioxidant activity has not been systematically evaluated. Hence, this study reassessed its activity using five assay systems. Assays were first performed using model radicals, DPPH(More)
The tumor suppressor protocadherin-10 (PCDH10) gene is important in cell proliferation, survival, apoptosis and migration. Inactivation of PCDH10 by promoter methylation is a frequent pathogenetic event in multiple myeloma (MM). The Wnt/β-catenin pathway is known to be involved in the cell growth of various types of cancer, including MM. However, the(More)
The gene encoding protocadherin-10 (PCDH10), a member of the cadherin superfamily, has been recently identified as a tumor suppressor gene (TSG). PCDH10 plays important roles in the apoptosis of tumor cells in some cancer types. However, the exact role of PCDH10 in multiple myeloma (MM) is largely unknown. Increasing evidence has suggested that the(More)
A disintegrin‑like and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type Ⅰ motifs (ADAMTS) are a family of 19 secreted mammalian metalloproteases. ADAMTS9 was reported to be a novel tumor suppressor gene and is downregulated in various types of human cancer due to hypermethylation of promoter CpG islands. In the present study,(More)
The Notch signaling pathway has been shown to be involved in the progression of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of exogenous Notch2 overexpression on cell proliferation and possible mechanisms in the human CML cell line K562. When exogenous intracellular fragment of Notch2 (ICN2) was transfected into K562(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) can develop internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysms. Any surgical procedure is hazardous and often unrewarding because of fragile blood vessels. Endovascular treatment may be an alternative approach to the treatment of ICA aneurysms in patients with vascular EDS. CASE A 23-year-old woman with(More)