JianXin Shen

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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative condition characterized by increased accumulation of Aβ and degeneration of cholinergic signaling between basal forebrain and hippocampus. Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are important mediators of cholinergic signaling in modulation of learning and memory function. Accumulating lines of evidence(More)
Lamotrigine (LTG), an anticonvulsive drug, is often used for the treatment of a variety of epilepsies. In addition to block of sodium channels, LTG may act on other targets to exert its antiepileptic effect. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of LTG on neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) using the patch-clamp technique on human(More)
β-amyloid (Aβ) accumulation is described as a hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Aβ perturbs a number of synaptic components including nicotinic acetylcholine receptors containing α7 subunits (α7-nAChRs), which are abundantly expressed in the hippocampus and found on GABAergic interneurons. We have previously demonstrated the existence of a novel,(More)
Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), the most common constituent of the tumor stoma, are known to promote tumor initiation, progression and metastasis. However, the mechanism of how cancer cells transform normal fibroblasts (NFs) into CAFs is largely unknown. In this study, we determined the contribution of miRNAs in the transformation of NFs into CAFs. We(More)
This paper comprehensively investigates the torque characteristics of a novel permanent magnet flux switching machine with outer-rotor configuration. Due to the nature of severe magnetic saturations in the machine, it is of particular interest to ascertain the extent of impact of the load conditions on the overall torque output as well as its component(More)
The α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7 nAChR) is highly expressed in the brain, where it maintains various neuronal functions including (but not limited to) learning and memory. In addition, the protein expression levels of α7 nAChRs are altered in various brain disorders. The classic rule governing α7 nAChR assembly in the mammalian brain was that it(More)
In this paper, the speed estimation and unknown parameter reconstruction problem is considered for a series dc motor. By combining the high gain observer with a sliding mode term, a hybrid robust observer is applied to guarantee the asymptotical stability of the estimation error. Furthermore, by attenuating the chattering phenomenon, the unknown parameter(More)
Emerging evidence demonstrates that the blockade of intracellular Ca(2+) signals may protect pancreatic acinar cells against Ca(2+) overload, intracellular protease activation, and necrosis. The activation of cannabinoid receptor subtype 2 (CB2R) prevents acinar cell pathogenesis in animal models of acute pancreatitis. However, whether CB2Rs modulate(More)
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