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It has been well recognized that a deficit of numbers and function of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ cells (Treg) is attributed to the development of some autoimmune diseases; however, there are controversial data regarding the suppressive effect of Treg cells on the T cell response in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Additionally, IL-17-producing cells (Th17) have(More)
BACKGROUND This study was conducted to clarify the effect of the inhibiting action of inhibin on porcine granulosa cell proliferation and function, and to investigate the underlying intracellular regulatory molecular mechanisms. METHODS Porcine granulosa cells were cultured in vitro, and were treated with an anti-inhibin alpha subunit antibody, with or(More)
It has been well recognized that TGF-β is able to induce CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) suppressor/regulatory T (iTreg) cells and IL-2 facilitates iTreg induction and expansion, however, only half of TGF-β-induced CD4(+)CD25(+) cells express Foxp3 and remaining CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3- cells may represent effector cells. Whether other factor(s) can increase Foxp3(More)
By Karamata regular variation theory, we show the existence and exact asymptotic behaviour of the unique classical solution u∈ C2+α(Ω)∩C(Ω) near the boundary to a singular Dirichlet problem−Δu= g(u)− k(x), u > 0, x ∈Ω, u|∂Ω = 0, whereΩ is a bounded domain with smooth boundary in RN , g ∈ C1((0,∞),(0,∞)), limt→0+(g(ξt)/g(t))= ξ−γ, for each ξ > 0 and some γ >(More)
The ovary of Chinese goose is easily infected by microorganisms because of the mating behaviour in water, which causes decreased laying performance. This study investigated the time course effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the steroidogenesis and mRNA expression of Toll-like receptors (TLRs), a class of key pattern recognition receptor, in the breeding(More)
We study coordination mechanisms through penalty schemes to cooperate the behavior of two firms as successive segment carriers to make transport plan separate in freight intermodal market. Based on the different cost structure and service level constraint to two firms, we compare the decision making in two possible decision systems, that is, centralized(More)
In asymmetric chick gonads, the left and right female gonads undergo distinct programs during development, generating a functional ovary on the left side only. Despite some progress being made in recent years, the mechanisms of molecular regulation remain incompletely understood, and little genomic information is available regarding the degeneration of the(More)
Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells (TREM) is a cell-surface receptor primarily expressed on macrophages. Here, two novel TREM genes, AcTREM1 and AcTREM2, were identified from Anas cygnoides. AcTREM1 cDNA contained a putative signal peptide, two IG domains, and a transmembrane domain. The deduced AcTREM2 sequence also contained a signal peptide,(More)
This study was carried out to induce out-of-season breeding, in the summer, and to achieve high reproductive performance using artificial photoperiod manipulation in the long-day breeding Yangzhou goose. Young geese were subject to a two-phase short-to-long (group A) or a three-phase (long-short-long; group B) photoperiod program February through October.(More)