Jian-xing Xu

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Rotenone, an inhibitor of mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I, is a useful tool to elicit animal model of Parkinson's disease. Rotenone-induced neuronal apoptosis may contribute to the etiology of Parkinson's disease. However, the mechanism of rotenone-induced apoptosis is not fully understood. In the present study, we show that Ca2+ signaling is(More)
The primary recognized function of cytochrome c is to act as an electron carrier transferring electrons from complex III to complex IV in the respiratory chain of mitochondria. Recent studies on cell apoptosis reveal that cytochrome c is responsible for the programmed cell death when it is released from mitochondria to cytoplasm. In this study we present(More)
Salvia miltorrhiza Bunge is a traditional Chinese medicine and has long been used for treating liver and heart diseases in China. Salvianic acid A is the main active component of Salvia miltorrhiza Bunge. In the present study, the ability of salvianic acid A in scavenging free radicals, inhibiting lipid peroxidation and mitochondrial membrane permeability(More)
1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP(+)), an inhibitor of mitochondrial complex I, has been widely used as a neurotoxin because it elicits a severe Parkinson's disease-like syndrome with elevation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) level and apoptotic death. Salvianic acid A (SA), isolated from the Chinese herbal medicine Salvia miltiorrhiza, is(More)
In a permeablized cell system, oxidized cyt c is able to induce caspase cascade whereas reduced cyt c cannot. In in vitro experiments, oxidized cyt c can promote H(2)O(2) generation. It is suggested that the redox state of cyt c might regulate the initiation of apoptosis via regulation of cellular ROS level.
It has been shown that cytochrome c plays a role in scavenging O(2)(-). and H(2)O(2) in mitochondria through two electron leak pathways of the respiratory chain. Based on the two electron leak pathways and the superoxide metabolic routes in nature, it is suggested that the concept of radical metabolism should be added as a partner to the energy metabolism(More)
The ability of succinate cytochrome c reductase (SCR) reduced cytochrome c to scavenge H(2)O(2) was investigated. H(2)O(2), whether added or produced by SCR, was efficiently removed when cytochrome c was reduced by SCR. On the other hand, ferrocytochrome c underwent re-oxidization when H(2)O(2) was added. Thus, these results indicate that cytochrome c(More)
The realization of fiber-output single photon sources is necessary for quantum photonics. Here we present in situ probing and integration of single self-assembled quantum dots (QDs)-in-nanowires. Single self-assembled AlGaAs QDs were synthesized in GaAs/AlGaAs core-shell nanowires by molecular beam epitaxy and characterized by optical excitation in both(More)
Two types of quantum nanostructures based on self-assembled GaAs quantumdots embedded into GaAs/AlGaAs hexagonal nanowire systems are reported, opening a new avenue to the fabrication of highly efficient single-photon sources, as well as the design of novel quantum optics experiments and robust quantum optoelectronic devices operating at higher temperature,(More)
Low (1 x 10(-9)M) concentrations of cytochrome c inhibit H2O2 production in cytochrome c-depleted mitochondria, purified succinate-cytochrome c reductase (SCR) and antimycin A inhibited cytochrome c-depleted HMP. At higher concentration (2 x 10(-6)M), cytochrome c eliminates pre-existed H2O2 if feeding electrons to it by succinate. Cytochrome c also(More)