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The modulation of the Cl- current activated by gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) by changes in extracellular pH in freshly isolated rat dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons was studied using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. In the pH range of 5.0-9.0, increased extracellular pH enhanced, and decreased extracellular pH suppressed, current activated by 10(More)
Positive modulators of glutamate alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA) receptors can enhance cognitive function in several species. The present experiments compared the actions of a novel biarylpropylsulfonamide compound, LY404187, with the prototypical benzoylpiperidine, 1-(quinoxalin-6-ylcarbonyl)-piperidine (CX516), on AMPA(More)
Arginine vasopressin (AVP), a nonapeptide hormone of posterior pituitary, reaches the central nervous system from systemic blood circulation with a difficulty because of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). The interest has been expressed in the use of the nasal route for delivery of AVP to the brain directly, exploiting the olfactory pathway. Our previous study(More)
The effect of ethanol on the current activated by 2.5 to 40 microM gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) was studied in freshly isolated rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons under voltage clamp in the whole-cell and perforated-patch recording configurations. Our results confirmed that GABAA-activated current in these neurons was insensitive to ethanol at(More)
The whole-cell patch-clamp technique was used to analyze the effects of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and alosetron on cultured myenteric neurons from newborn guinea pigs. All neurons responded to 5-HT (EC(50) approximately 38.7 microM) with a concentration-dependent inward current (reversal potential = 7.1 +/- 1.7 mV) with a short latency and rapid decay.(More)
Oxytocin (OXT), a nonapeptide hormone of posterior pituitary, reaches the central nervous system from systemic blood circulation with a difficulty because of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). The interest has been expressed in the use of the nasal route for delivery of OXT to the brain directly, exploiting the olfactory pathway. Our previous study has(More)
Salmonella enterica, Staphylococcus aureus, and Shigella dysenteriae are the major water-borne and food-borne pathogens, and usually co-exist in very low numbers. Thus, a selective enrichment process is required for their simultaneous detection. Here, we report on the formulation of a selective enrichment broth, namely SSS broth, for the concurrent growth(More)
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