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When two socially naive Drosophila males meet, they will fight. However, prior social grouping of males reduces their aggression. We found olfactory communication to be important for modulating Drosophila aggression. Although acute exposure to the male-specific pheromone 11-cis-vaccenyl acetate (cVA) elicited aggression through Or67d olfactory receptor(More)
During the preclinical drug discovery process it remains a challenge to enable early elimination of candidate molecules that may have non-specific, off-target activities. Here, we use whole zebrafish embryo assays coupled with genetic analysis to address this issue. PLK1 (Polo-like kinase 1) is one of the key regulators that control mitotic entry, spindle(More)
Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) is a mitotic serine/threonine kinase and its kinase activity is closely interrelated to cell cycle progression, various types of cancer development and often correlates with poor prognosis. Thus, it is of prime importance to characterize the phenotypes of Plk1 inhibition in cells for drug development and clinical application. Here,(More)
Lewis acid Zn(OTf)(2)-catalyzed tandem annulations of isonitriles and allenic esters which lead to efficient and flexible syntheses of a range of biologically significant maleimides and carbazoles and related compounds are reported. A mechanistic rationale is proposed to account for the observed reactivity.
A novel limonoid, perforanoid A, was isolated, and an asymmetric total synthesis was achieved in 10 steps. The key steps are chiral tertiary aminonaphthol mediated enantioselective alkenylation of an aldehyde to an allylic alcohol, Pd-catalyzed coupling of the allylic alcohol with vinyl ether to form the γ-lactone ring, and cyclopentenone ring formation(More)
In this account, we have highlighted our most recent works towards the total synthesis of bioactive natural products, which have resulted in the development of several novel synthetic methods. Inspired and guided by strategies based on diversity-oriented synthesis, we have successfully applied the novel synthetic methodologies developed in our lab to the(More)
A concise and efficient approach for the construction of the tetracyclic carbon skeleton of retigeranic acid A is described. The key transformations include a novel Rh-catalyzed [3+2] cycloaddition of enyol to afford cyclopentanoid E, bearing two contiguous quaternary stereocenters at the bridgehead positions, and an intramolecular Pauson-Khand reaction to(More)
The asymmetric total synthesis of (-)-maoecrystal V, a novel cytotoxic pentacyclic ent-kaurane diterpene, has been accomplished. Key steps of the current strategy involve an early-stage semipinacol rearrangement reaction for the construction of the C10 quaternary stereocenter, a rhodium-catalyzed intramolecular O-H insertion reaction, and a sequential(More)