Jian-quan Shi

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Recent clinical trials report that metformin, an activator of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) used to treat type 2 diabetes, significantly reduces the risk of stroke by actions that are independent of its glucose-lowering effects. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are not known. Here, we tested the possibility that(More)
As a novel risk gene for Alzheimer's disease (AD), triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) gene encodes a type I transmembrane receptor that is uniquely expressed by the microglia in the brain. Emerging evidence indicates a strong association between TREM2 and tau pathology in the cerebral spinal fluid or brain tissue of AD patients. In(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that ischemic preconditioning (IPC) increases cerebral tolerance to the subsequent ischemic exposure. However, the underlying mechanisms are still not fully understood. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)-dependent autophagy contributed to the neuroprotection of IPC in rats(More)
Inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Overexpression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) occurs in the AD brain. Recent clinical studies have shown that the anti-TNF-α therapy improves cognition function of AD patients rapidly. However, the underlying mechanism remains elusive. The present study investigates(More)
Recent studies indicated that angiotensin II (Ang II) receptor blockers could reduce neurotoxins-induced dopaminergic (DA) cell death, but the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. Given that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress plays a major role in rotenone-induced neuronal apoptosis, we investigated whether candesartan cilexetil, a selective and(More)
Previously, we showed that overexpression of triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2), a microglia-specific immune receptor, in the brain of a middle-aged (7 months old) APPswe/PS1dE9 mice could ameliorate Alzheimer’s disease (AD)-related neuropathology by enhancement of microglial amyloid-β (Aβ) phagocytosis. Since AD is an age-related(More)
Accumulation of amyloid-β peptides (Aβ) within brain is a major pathogenic hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Emerging evidence suggests that autophagy, an important intracellular catabolic process, is involved in Aβ clearance. Here, we investigated whether temsirolimus, a newly developed compound approved by Food and Drug Administration and European(More)
Autophagy is an important cellular process that mediates lysosomal degradation of damaged organelles, which is activated in response to a variety of stress-related diseases, including hypertension. The basal level of autophagy plays an important role in the maintenance of cellular homeostasis, whereas excessive autophagic activity leads to cell death and is(More)
BACKGROUND The activation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) and NLRP3 inflammasome is involved in neuroinflammation, which is closely linked to Alzheimer's disease (AD). In vivo and in vitro studies have suggested that artemisinin shows antiinflammatory effects in inflammation-related diseases. However, the impacts of artemisinin on AD have not been(More)
AIMS Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a major catechin found in green tea, displays a variety of pharmacological properties and recently received attention as a prospective dietary intervention in cardiovascular diseases (CVD). This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that EGCG was able to inhibit tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-induced production(More)