Jian-ming Lin

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Lactoferrin is an iron-binding glycoprotein present in epithelial secretions, such as milk, and in the secondary granules of neutrophils. We found it to be present in fractions of milk protein that stimulated osteoblast growth, so we assessed its effects on bone cell function. Lactoferrin produced large, dose-related increases in thymidine incorporation in(More)
Fat mass impacts on both bone turnover and bone density and is a critical risk factor for osteoporotic fractures. Adipocyte-derived hormones may contribute to this relationship, and adiponectin is a principal circulating adipokine. However, its effects on bone remain unclear. We have, therefore, investigated the direct effects of adiponectin on primary(More)
Ghrelin is released in response to fasting, such that circulating levels are highest immediately prior to meals. Bone turnover is acutely responsive to the fed state, with increased bone resorption during fasting and suppression during feeding. The current study investigated the hypothesis that ghrelin regulates the activity of bone cells. Ghrelin increased(More)
Clinical studies have shown that total body fat mass is related to both bone density and fracture risk and that fat ingestion reduces bone turnover. These effects are at least partially mediated by endocrine mechanisms, but it is possible that lipids might act directly on bone. We assessed the effects of broad fractions of milk lipids in osteoblasts, bone(More)
Lactoferrin, an iron-binding glycoprotein present in milk and other exocrine secretions in mammals, is anabolic to bone at physiological concentrations. Lactoferrin stimulates the proliferation, differentiation and survival of osteoblasts, as well as potently inhibiting osteoclastogenesis in bone marrow cultures. In the current study we further investigated(More)
BACKGROUND Fracture risk is increased in patients with schizophrenia, who often receive long-term therapy with anti-psychotic drugs. The mechanisms by which skeletal fragility is increased in patients with psychosis include increased risk of falling, but direct skeletal toxicity of anti-psychotic drugs is a possibility that has not been investigated. (More)
alpha-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH), a 13-amino acid peptide produced in the brain and pituitary gland, is a regulator of appetite and body weight, and its production is regulated by leptin, a factor that affects bone mass when administered centrally. alpha-MSH acts via melanocortin receptors. Humans deficient in melanocortin receptor 4 (MC4-R)(More)
UNLABELLED Mutations in the OPG gene cause idiopathic hyperphosphatasia. We characterized the effects of one such mutation and found that the mutant OPG is poorly secreted and has reduced biological activity compared with the wildtype protein. Therefore, correct structure and cellular processing of OPG is essential for normal bone remodeling. INTRODUCTION(More)
Adiponectin, a hormone produced and secreted from adipose tissue, circulates at levels that are inversely related to visceral fat mass and bone mineral density. Adiponectin receptors are expressed in bone cells, and several studies have shown that adiponectin affects bone phenotype and might play a role in the cross talk between fat and bone tissues. In the(More)
Nilotinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) developed to manage imatinib-resistance in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). It inhibits similar molecular targets to imatinib, but is a significantly more potent inhibitor of Bcr-Abl. Nilotinib exhibits off-target effects in other tissues, and of relevance to bone metabolism, hypophosphataemia has(More)