Learn More
The major challenge to identifying natural sense- antisense (SA) transcripts from public databases is how to determine the correct orientation for an expressed sequence, especially an expressed sequence tag sequence. In this study, we established a set of very stringent criteria to identify the correct orientation of each human transcript. We used these(More)
Although major depressive disorder (MDD) is a serious neuropsychiatric illness, it's pathogenesis remains unclear. Current evidence suggests that the abnormal transmission and plasticity of hippocampal synapses play an important role in the pathogenesis of MDD. In this study, a two-dimensional gel-based proteomic approach to profile alterations of(More)
Given that humans have about the same number of genes as mice and not so many more than worm, what makes us more complex? Antisense transcripts are implicated in many aspects of gene regulation. Is there a functional connection between antisense transcription and organismic complexity, that is, is antisense regulation especially prevalent in humans? We used(More)
The ten-eleven translocation 1 (TET1) gene is the founding member of the TET family of enzymes (TET1/2/3) that convert 5-methylcytosine to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine. Although TET1 was first identified as a fusion partner of the mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) gene in acute myeloid leukemia carrying t(10,11), its definitive role in leukemia is unclear. In(More)
Although both the 5'- and 3'-untranslated regions (5'- and 3'-UTRs) of eukaryotic mRNAs may play a crucial role in posttranscriptional gene regulation, we observe that cis-encoded natural antisense RNAs have a striking preferential complementarity to the 3'-UTRs of their target genes in mammalian (human and mouse) genomes. A null neutral model, evoking(More)
Although both the 5 0-and 3 0-untranslated regions (5 0-and 3 0-UTRs) of eukaryotic mRNAs may play a crucial role in posttranscriptional gene regulation, we observe that cis-encoded natural antisense RNAs have a striking preferential complementarity to the 3 0-UTRs of their target genes in mammalian (human and mouse) genomes. A null neutral model, evoking(More)
This study established a method of regenerating Spathiphyllum ‘Supreme’ through direct somatic embryogenesis. Somatic embryos occurred in leaf and petiole explants cultured in the dark on a Murashige and Skoog basal medium supplemented with 2.27, 4.54, or 9.08 μM N-phenyl-N′-1,2,3-thiadiazol-5-ylurea (TDZ) in combination with 1.08 μM α-naphthalene acetic(More)
Sex-based differences are prominent in affective disorders, but there are no biomarkers available to support sex-specific, laboratory-based diagnostics for male and female bipolar disorder (BD) patients. Here, a NMR-based metabonomic approach was used to preliminarily identify sex-specific urinary metabolite biomarkers for diagnosing male and female BD(More)
Novel metabolic pathways initiated by the enzymatic action of CYP11A1 on 7DHC (7-dehydrocholesterol), ergosterol, vitamins D3 and D2 were characterized with help of chemical synthesis, UV and mass spectrometry and NMR analyses. The first pathway follows the sequence 7DHC→22(OH)7DHC → 20,22(OH)27DHC → 7DHP (7-dehydropregnenolone), which can further be(More)
Leaf and petiole explants of monocotyledonous pothos (Epipremnum aureum) ‘Jade’ were cultured on Murashige and Skoog basal medium supplemented with N-(2-chloro-4-pyridl)-N′-phenylurea (CPPU) or N-phenyl-N′-1,2,3-thiadiazol-5-ylurea (TDZ) with α-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA). Somatic embryos appeared directly from explants after 4–8 weeks of culture; 9.1 μM(More)