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Delayed rectifier K+ current (IK) is the major outward current responsible for ventricular repolarization. Two components of IK (IKr and IKs) have been identified in many mammalian species including humans. IKr plays a pivotal role in normal ventricular repolarization. A prolongation of action potential duration (APD) under a variety of conditions would(More)
INTRODUCTION Surgical site infection (SSI) in the setting of lumbar fusion is associated with significant morbidity and medical resource utilization. To date, there have been no studies conducted with sufficient power to directly compare the incidence of SSI following minimally invasive (MIS) vs. open TLIF procedures. Furthermore, studies are lacking that(More)
Clinical and experimental studies have shown that gender differences exist in cardiac repolarization in various animal species and human, as is evidenced by significantly longer QT, JT intervals and action potential duration in females than in males due to a reduced repolarization reserve in females. The latter is shown by the relatively greater increase in(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of prior antiplatelet (AP) therapy on the risk of hemorrhagic transformation (HT), and on functional outcomes of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) after intravenous thrombolysis (IVT), is not known. We performed a retrospective analysis to determine whether history of AP therapy is associated with post-thrombolysis HT and poor prognosis in(More)
The structure of an osteochondral biphasic scaffold is required to mimic native tissue, which owns a calcified layer associated with mechanical and separation function. The two phases of biphasic scaffold should possess efficient integration to provide chondrocytes and osteocytes with an independent living environment. In this study, a novel biphasic(More)
Carvedilol and vesnarinone are drugs attracting recent interest in the treatment of chronic heart failure. Electrophysiologic studies have revealed that these drugs cause a moderate prolongation of action potential duration (APD) of ventricular muscles with minimal "reverse frequency-dependence" through different ionic mechanisms. Carvedilol blocks L-type(More)
A multi-residue method developed for the analysis of triazine herbicides, simazine, atrazine, propazine and prometryne, in sheep liver is presented. The method is based on microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) of sheep liver using methanol as extractant and analysis of extracts by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and ultraviolet detection. MAE(More)
An effective matrix solid-phase dispersion (MSPD) extraction for determination of two pyrethroids (cypermethrin and deltamethrin) in porcine tissues (liver, muscle, heart and kidney) is described. A neutral alumina-based MPSD column was used for extraction of analytes. The high-performance liquid chromatography and ultraviolet detector was applied using a(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common malignancy that has region specific etiologies. Unfortunately, 85% of cases of HCC are diagnosed at an advanced stage. Reliable biomarkers for the early diagnosis of HCC are urgently required to reduced mortality and therapeutic expenditure. We established a non-targeted gas chromatography-time of flight-mass(More)
This study aimed to comparatively investigate the acute modulating effects of oestrogen and progesterone on the repolarization and the susceptibility of female rabbits to class III anti-arrhythmic agents. The acute influence of estradiol and progesterone on the cardiac repolarization and the drug sensitivity of the rapidly activating delayed rectifier K(+)(More)