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BACKGROUND Homoharringtonine-based induction regimens have been widely used in China for patients with acute myeloid leukaemia. However, their efficacy has not been tested in a multicentre randomised controlled trial in a large population. We assessed the efficacy and safety of homoharringtonine-based induction treatment for management of newly diagnosed(More)
Drug resistance is a challenge in treatment of acute leukemia. To investigate novel protein changes involved in resistance, protein expression profiles between leukemia cell line HL-60 and adriamycin-resistant HL-60 (HL-60/ADR) were compared based on a proteomic approach-2D-DIGE followed by MALDI-TOF/MS. 13 protein spots were identified as up-regulated and(More)
This multicenter, randomized, open-label phase III study compared the efficacy and safety of micafungin and itraconazole in prophylaxis of invasive fungal infections in neutropenic patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplants in China. Micafungin (50 mg/day i.v.) or itraconazole (5 mg/kg/day p.o.) was administered for ≤42 days. The primary(More)
This study is to investigate the effect of emodin on inducing human myeloid leukemia cell line HL-60 apoptosis and the role of Akt signal pathway in the apoptosis. HL-60 cells were exposed to various dosages of emodin. MTT assay was used to detect HL-60 cell proliferation. Distribution of HL-60 cells in cell cycle was analyzed by flow cytometry and cell(More)
AIM Invasive fungal infections pose a severe health threat to patients. Despite recent advances in drug development, treatment of recurrent fungal infections remains difficult. Posaconazole is a broad-spectrum triazole antifungal drug available for oral administration. Although initial studies have described its use in treating various fungal infections,(More)
Natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL) is a malignant proliferation of CD56(+) and cytoCD3(+) lymphocytes with aggressive clinical course, which is prevalent in Asian and South American populations. The molecular pathogenesis of NKTCL has largely remained elusive. We identified somatic gene mutations in 25 people with NKTCL by whole-exome sequencing and(More)
BACKGROUND Invasive fungal infection (IFI) is common in neutropenic patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) or myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Posaconazole is a broad-spectrum triazole antifungal drug with efficacy in prevention of IFI; however, it has not been previously studied as prophylaxis in a Chinese population. METHODS This multicenter,(More)
Genomic landscapes of 92 adult and 111 pediatric patients with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) were investigated using next-generation sequencing and copy number alteration analysis. Recurrent gene mutations and fusions were tested in an additional 87 adult and 93 pediatric patients. Among the 29 newly identified in-frame gene fusions, those(More)
Near haploidy (23-29 chromosomes) is a numerical cytogenetic aberration in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) associated with particularly poor outcome. In contrast, high hyperdiploidy (51-67 chromosomes) has a favorable prognosis. Correct classification and appropriate risk stratification of near haploidy is frequently hampered by the presence of(More)
20% of children suffering from high hyperdiploid acute lymphoblastic leukemia develop recurrent disease. The molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. Here, we analyzed the genetic landscape of five patients at relapse, who developed recurrent disease without prior high-risk indication using whole-exome- and whole-genome-sequencing. Oncogenic mutations of(More)