Learn More
It has long been accepted that marginal cells of stria vascularis are involved in the generation of the endocochlear potential and the secretion of K+. The present study was designed to provide evidence for this hypothesis and for a cell model proposed to explain K+ secretion and the generation of the endocochlear potential. Stria vascularis from the(More)
The experiments presented here were based on the conclusions of our previous proteomic analysis. Increasing the availability of glutamate by overexpression of the genes encoding enzymes in the l-ornithine biosynthesis pathway upstream of glutamate and disruption of speE, which encodes spermidine synthase, improved l-ornithine production by Corynebacterium(More)
BACKGROUND Shikimic acid (SA) produced from the seeds of Chinese star anise (Illicium verum) is a key intermediate for the synthesis of neuraminidase inhibitors such as oseltamivir (Tamiflu®), an anti-influenza drug. However, plants cannot deliver a stable supply of SA. To avoid the resulting shortages and price fluctuations, a stable source of affordable(More)
Volume regulation of vestibular dark cells from the gerbilline inner ear in response to a hypo-osmotic challenge depends on the presence of cytosolic K+ and Cl-. The present study addresses the questions: (i) whether and by what mechanism K+ is released during volume regulation, (ii) whether the osmolarity of the basolateral medium has an effect on the(More)
The isk gene is expressed in many tissues. Pharmacological evidence from the inner ear suggests that isk mediates potassium secretion into the endolymph. To examine the consequences of IsK null mutation on inner ear function, and to produce a system useful for examining the role(s) IsK plays elsewhere, we have produced a mouse strain that carries a(More)
Vestibular dark cells in the inner ear secrete K+ from perilymph containing 4 mM K+ to endolymph containing 145 mM K+. Sensory transduction causes K+ to flow from endolymph to perilymph, thus threatening the homeostasis of the perilymphatic K+ concentration which is crucial for maintaining sensory transduction since the basolateral membranes of the sensory(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Oxidative stress plays a substantial role in the genesis of noise-induced cochlear injury that causes permanent hearing loss. We present the results of three different approaches to enhance intrinsic cochlear defense mechanisms against oxidative stress. This article explores, through the following set of hypotheses, some of the(More)
Microarray data has a high dimension of variables but available datasets usually have only a small number of samples, thereby making the study of such datasets interesting and challenging. In the task of analyzing microarray data for the purpose of, e.g., predicting gene-disease association, feature selection is very important because it provides a way to(More)
Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is an important etiology of deafness worldwide. Hearing conservation programs are in place and have reduced the prevalence of NIHL, but this disorder is still far too common. Occupational and recreational pursuits expose people to loud noise and ten million persons in the US have some degree of noise-induced hearing(More)
Vestibular dark cells (VDC) are known to electrogenically secrete K+ via slowly activating K+ (IsK) channels, consisting of IsK regulatory and KvLQT1 channel subunits, and the associated short-circuit current (Isc) is inhibited by agonists of the apical P2U (P2Y2) receptor (J. Liu, K. Kozakura, and D. C. Marcus. Audit. Neurosci. 2: 331-340, 1995).(More)