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Using linked data from the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey (MCBS), the authors assessed the accuracy of racial/ethnic classifications in HCFA's enrollment data base (EDB) before and after the 1997 effort to update the EDB. After the update, the sensitivity of the EDB was 97 percent for white persons and 95 percent for black persons, but less than 60(More)
We investigated the functional recovery of motoneurons after reimplanting an avulsed ventral root in a rat model of traction injury. The eighth cervical root (C8) was avulsed by controlled traction and immediately reimplanted to the spinal cord. Spinal nerves from neighbouring segments (C5, C6, C7 and T1) were ligated and cut. After 12 or 20 weeks, the(More)
We have developed a novel laboratory rodent model to detect competitive, non-competitive and no-hurdle foraging behaviors as seen in natural environment. However, it is not clear which brain region is important for the food foraging activity. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of lesions in the bilateral anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) on the rat(More)
Conventional protocols for differentiating human induced-pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) into smooth-muscle cells (SMCs) can be inefficient and generally fail to yield cells with a specific SMC phenotype (i.e., contractile or synthetic SMCs). Here, we present two novel hiPSC-SMC differentiation protocols that yield SMCs with predominantly contractile or(More)
Previous studies have indicated that peripheral administration of interleukin-6 (IL-6) increases brain concentrations of tryptophan and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), the major catabolite of serotonin (5-HT). To determine whether these changes were related to increased synaptic release of 5-HT, we studied the responses to peripheral administration of(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenic role of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the incisional pain is poorly understood. The present study explores the role of the BDNF in the incision-induced pain hypersensitivity. METHODS A longitudinal incision was made in one plantar hind paw of isoflurane-anesthetized rats. Dorsal root ganglias (DRG) and spinal cords(More)
Clinical studies on cancer patients have revealed that chemotherapy is associated with long-term cognitive impairment. In the present study, we used a rat model to evaluate the effects of the anticancer drug cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C) on spatial learning, memory, and the dendritic morphology of neurons in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and(More)
BACKGROUND A recent study has demonstrated that surgical incision induces an anxiety-like behavior but its relationship with incision-evoked mechanical hypersensitivity remains elusive. Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activity in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is important for the affective pain. The current study aims to explore ERK1/2(More)
Reinforcing effects of addictive drugs can be evaluated with the conditioned place preference (CPP) test which involves both the action of drugs and environmental cues. However, the encoded neural circuits and underlying signaling mechanism are not fully understood. In this study, we have used morphine-CPP model in the rat and characterized the role of(More)
Perhaps one of the most significant achievements in modern science is the discovery of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs), which have paved the way for regeneration therapy using patients' own cells. Cardiomyocytes differentiated from hiPSCs (hiPSC-CMs) could be used for modelling patients with heart failure, for testing new drugs, and for(More)