Learn More
iv iv Expanding the Measure of Wealth 4.1 The simple economics of win-win subsidy reform 42 4.2 Price reform problems in transition economies 47 4.3 Energy in Russia: what lies ahead? 50 4.4 China: subsidy reform in the coal sector 50 4.5 Electricity subsidies 51 4.6 Removing pesticide subsidies in Bangladesh 54 4.7 Removing pesticide subsidies in Indonesia(More)
Gordon’s syndrome, also known as pseudohypoaldosteronism type II (PHA II) or familial hypertension with hyperkalemia, is an autosomal-dominant disease characterized by hypertension, hyperkalemia, hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis, and normal glomerular filtration rate. Recent positional cloning has linked mutations of WNK1 and WNK4 to Gordon’s syndrome.(More)
Topical application of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), a constituent of the propolis of honeybee hives, to the backs of CD-1 mice previously initiated with 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) inhibited 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced tumor promotion and the formation of 5-hydroxymethyl-2'-deoxyuridine (HMdU) in epidermal DNA.(More)
[structure: see text] Protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPases) are important targets in medicinal chemistry. These enzymes play a role in a number of human diseases, including type II diabetes and infection by Yersinia pestis, the causative agent of bubonic plague. Derivatives of squaric acids such as 2-aryl-1-hydroxycyclobut-1-ene-3,4-diones represent a new(More)
Oral administration of green or black tea inhibited UVB light-induced complete carcinogenesis in the skin of SKH-1 mice. Green tea was a more effective inhibitor than black tea. Oral administration of decaffeinated green or black tea resulted in substantially less inhibitory activity than did administration of the regular teas, and in one experiment,(More)
— Task scheduling algorithm, which is an NP-completeness problem, plays a key role in cloud computing systems. In this paper, we propose an optimized algorithm based on genetic algorithm to schedule independent and divisible tasks adapting to different computation and memory requirements. We prompt the algorithm in heterogeneous systems, where resources(More)
Topical application of curcumin inhibits chemically induced carcinogenesis on mouse skin, and oral administration of curcumin inhibits chemically induced oral, forestomach, duodenal, and colon carcinogenesis. Curcumin and other inhibitors of cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase are thought to inhibit carcinogenesis by preventing the formation of arachidonic acid(More)
Pretreatment of SKH-1 mice with p.o.-administered 0.6% green tea (6 mg of lyophilized tea solids/ml) or 0.044% caffeine (0.44 mg/ml; concentration present in 0.6% green tea) for 2 weeks enhanced UV-induced increases in the number of p53-positive cells, p21(WAF1/CIP1)-positive cells, and apoptotic sunburn cells in the epidermis. These effects of(More)
WNKs (with-no-lysine [K]) are a family of serine-threonine protein kinases with an atypical placement of the catalytic lysine relative to all other protein kinases. The roles of WNK kinases in regulating ion transport were first revealed by the findings that mutations of two members cause a genetic hypertension and hyperkalemia syndrome. More recent studies(More)
Aiming at the phenomenon of slow convergence rate and low accuracy of bat algorithm, a novel bat algorithm based on differential operator and Lévy flights trajectory is proposed. In this paper, a differential operator is introduced to accelerate the convergence speed of proposed algorithm, which is similar to mutation strategy "DE/best/2" in differential(More)