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Here, we report the isolation and characterization of an endogenous peptide ligand of GPR103 from rat brains. The purified peptide was found to be the 43-residue RF-amide peptide QRFP. We also describe two mouse homologues of human GPR103, termed mouse GPR103A and GPR103B. QRFP binds and activates the human GPR103, as well as mouse GPR103A and GPR103B, with(More)
iv iv Expanding the Measure of Wealth 4.1 The simple economics of win-win subsidy reform 42 4.2 Price reform problems in transition economies 47 4.3 Energy in Russia: what lies ahead? 50 4.4 China: subsidy reform in the coal sector 50 4.5 Electricity subsidies 51 4.6 Removing pesticide subsidies in Bangladesh 54 4.7 Removing pesticide subsidies in Indonesia(More)
Task scheduling algorithm, which is an NP-completeness problem, plays a key role in cloud computing systems. In this paper, we propose an optimized algorithm based on genetic algorithm to schedule independent and divisible tasks adapting to different computation and memory requirements. We prompt the algorithm in heterogeneous systems, where resources(More)
Vasculogenic mimicry (VM) is a brand-new tumour vascular paradigm independent of angiogenesis that describes the specific capacity of aggressive cancer cells to form vessel-like networks that provide adequate blood supply for tumour growth. A variety of molecule mechanisms and signal pathways participate in VM induction. Additionally, cancer stem cell and(More)
Oral administration of green or black tea inhibited UVB light-induced complete carcinogenesis in the skin of SKH-1 mice. Green tea was a more effective inhibitor than black tea. Oral administration of decaffeinated green or black tea resulted in substantially less inhibitory activity than did administration of the regular teas, and in one experiment,(More)
BACKGROUND Blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) plays an important role in identifying functional cortical areas of the brain, especially in patients with gliomas. This study aimed to assess the value of fMRI in presurgical planning and functional outcome of patients with gliomas in the motor cortical areas. (More)
Gordon’s syndrome, also known as pseudohypoaldosteronism type II (PHA II) or familial hypertension with hyperkalemia, is an autosomal-dominant disease characterized by hypertension, hyperkalemia, hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis, and normal glomerular filtration rate. Recent positional cloning has linked mutations of WNK1 and WNK4 to Gordon’s syndrome.(More)
Topical application of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), a constituent of the propolis of honeybee hives, to the backs of CD-1 mice previously initiated with 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) inhibited 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced tumor promotion and the formation of 5-hydroxymethyl-2'-deoxyuridine (HMdU) in epidermal DNA.(More)
[structure: see text] Protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPases) are important targets in medicinal chemistry. These enzymes play a role in a number of human diseases, including type II diabetes and infection by Yersinia pestis, the causative agent of bubonic plague. Derivatives of squaric acids such as 2-aryl-1-hydroxycyclobut-1-ene-3,4-diones represent a new(More)
The glycopeptide antibiotics are the most important class of drugs used in the treatment of resistant bacterial infections including those caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). After more than 50 years of clinical use, the emergence of glycopeptide-resistant Gram-positive pathogens such as vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) and(More)