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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Although we demonstrated willed movement (WM) therapy can facilitate the patients actively participating in the physical activities by cognitive and perceptual stimulation in our previous study, the molecular mechanisms of the willed movement on the patients remains unclear. We initially established the model of WM intervention for(More)
Accumulating evidence from both genetic and clinico-pharmacological studies suggests that D-serine, an endogenous coagonist to the NMDA subtype glutamate receptor, may be implicated in schizophrenia (SZ). Although an association of genes for D-serine degradation, such as D-amino acid oxidase and G72, has been reported, a role for D-serine in SZ has been(More)
Fibrinogen plays an important role in the intrinsic and extrinsic pathways of blood coagulation. This study investigated the association between common variants in the fibrinogen gene and the risk of developing sporadic cerebral hemorrhage (CH). We performed genotyping analyses for three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the fibrinogen gene in a(More)
The hypocretin (orexin) neurons in the lateral hypothalamus play a crucial role in the promotion of arousal. Adenosine, an endogenous sleep-promoting factor, modulates both neuronal excitatory and synaptic transmission in the CNS. In this study, the involvement of endogenous adenosine in the regulation of excitatory glutamatergic synaptic transmission to(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of chronic ethanol exposure (CEE) and withdrawal on corticostriatal plasticity in rats. METHODS We established an animal model of alcoholism using the method of Turchan et al. (1999). A synaptic model of long-term memory (long-term depression, LTD) was used as an index and the striatum,(More)
Orexins, novel excitatory neuropeptides from the lateral hypothalamus, have been strongly implicated in the regulation of sleep and wakefulness. In this study, we explored the effects and mechanisms of orexin A on intracellular free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) of freshly dissociated neurons from layers V and VI in prefrontal cortex (PFC). Changes in(More)
Genome-wide association studies have associated clusterin (CLU) variants with Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the role of CLU on AD pathogenesis is not totally understood. We used cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma CLU levels as endophenotypes for genetic studies to understand the role of CLU in AD. CSF, but not plasma, CLU levels were significantly(More)
Herein we describe the discovery of compounds that are competitive antagonists of the CP101-606 binding site within the NR2B subtype of the NMDA receptor. The compounds identified do not possess phenolic functional groups such as those in ifenprodil and related analogs. Initial identification of hits in this series focused on a basic, secondary amine side(More)
Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by accumulation of free cholesterol in late endosomes/lysosomes. The pathological basis for the disease is poorly understood. In the present study, electrophysiological and fluorescent dye studies were applied to examine neuron-specific functions of Niemann-Pick(More)
Autism is a highly heritable neurodevelopmental disorder, and known genetic variants, mostly rare, account only for a small proportion of cases. Here we report a genome-wide association study on autism using two Chinese cohorts as gene discovery (n=2150) and three data sets of European ancestry populations for replication analysis of top association(More)