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OBJECTIVE The objectives of this study were to prospectively evaluate changes in tumor perfusion after chemoradiation therapy and to investigate the feasibility of perfusion CT for prediction of early tumor response and prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Perfusion CT was performed on an MDCT scanner with 50 mL of iodinated(More)
DNA damage induces cell-intrinsic checkpoints, including p53 and retinoblastoma (RB), as well as upstream regulators (exonuclease 1 (EXO1), ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM), ATR, p16(INK4a) and p19(ARF)) and downstream targets (p21, PUMA (p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis) and sestrins). Clearance of damaged cells by cell-intrinsic checkpoints(More)
Checkpoints that limit stem cell self-renewal in response to DNA damage can contribute to cancer protection but may also promote tissue aging. Molecular components that control stem cell responses to DNA damage remain to be delineated. Using in vivo RNAi screens, we identified basic leucine zipper transcription factor, ATF-like (BATF) as a major component(More)
To understand Saffold cardiovirus (SAFV) distribution, prevalence, and clinical relevance in China, we retrospectively studied SAFV in children with acute gastroenteritis and found SAFV in 12 (3.2%) of 373. Sequence homology of virus protein 1 genes suggested these strains belong to the SAFV-1 sublineage. SAFVs were found in samples positive for other(More)
Human enterovirus 71 (EV71) is the major pathogen that causes hand, foot and mouth disease that particularly affects young children. Growing hand, foot and mouth disease outbreaks were observed worldwide in recent years and caused devastating losses both economically and politically. However, vaccines or effective drugs are unavailable to date. The genome(More)
EV71 is the primary pathogenic cause of hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD), but an effective antiviral drug currently is unavailable. Rupintrivir, an inhibitor against human rhinovirus (HRV), has potent antiviral activities against EV71. We determined the high-resolution crystal structures of the EV71 3C(pro)/rupintrivir complex, showing that although(More)
Innate immunity provides the first line of host defense against invading microbial pathogens. This defense involves retinoic acid-inducible gene-I-like receptors that detect viral RNA and activate the mitochondrial antiviral-signaling (MAVS) protein, an adaptor protein, leading to activation of the innate antiviral immune response. The mechanisms by which(More)
In this study, the anticancer effect of icariin, a natural flavonol glycoside, against human hepatoma SMMC-7721 cells and the underlying mechanisms were investigated. Icariin triggered the mitochondrial/caspase apoptotic pathway indicated by enhanced Bax-to-Bcl-2 ratio, loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, cytochrome c release, and caspase cascade.(More)