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Primary cilia are required for proper Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) signaling in mammals. However, their role in the signal transduction process remains unclear. We have identified sister of open brain (sopb), a null allele of mouse Intraflagellar transport protein 122 (Ift122). IFT122 negatively regulates the Shh pathway in the cilium at a step downstream of the(More)
Acrolein-induced oxidative stress is hypothesized to involve in the etiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Caffeic acid (CA) and caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) have antioxidative and neuroprotective properties. The present study investigated the protective effects of CA/CAPE on acrolein-induced oxidative neuronal toxicity. HT22 mouse hippocampal cells(More)
Copy Number Variations (CNVs) of regions of the human genome have been associated with multiple diseases. We present an algorithm which is mathematically sound and computationally efficient to accurately analyze CNV in a DNA sample utilizing a nanofluidic device, known as the digital array. This numerical algorithm is utilized to compute copy number(More)
The relationship between cerebral ischemia and Alzheimer's disease has been evaluated extensively. However, the association between cerebral ischemia and the deposition of beta-amyloid (Abeta) remains to be clarified. Here, we used mice bilateral common carotid artery ligation model to investigate the alterations in mRNA expression of Abeta precursor(More)
Oxidative stress is closely related to the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson’s disease. Carvedilol, a nonselective β-adrenergic receptor blocker with pleiotropic activity has been shown to exert neuroprotective effect due to its antioxidant property. However, the neuroprotective mechanism of carvedilol is still not fully(More)
Copy number variations (CNVs) in the human genome are conventionally detected using high-throughput scanning technologies, such as comparative genomic hybridization and high-density single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) microarrays, or relatively low-throughput techniques, such as quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR). All these approaches are limited(More)
BACKGROUND Genetically engineered "Golden Rice" contains up to 35 microg beta-carotene per gram of rice. It is important to determine the vitamin A equivalency of Golden Rice beta-carotene to project the potential effect of this biofortified grain in rice-consuming populations that commonly exhibit low vitamin A status. OBJECTIVE The objective was to(More)
Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Drug resistance and/or off-target toxicity against normal cells limit the effectiveness of current chemotherapies for the treatment of colorectal cancer. In the current study, we studied the potential cytotoxic effects of short-chain and cell-permeable C6 ceramide in cultured colorectal(More)
The use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for therapeutic applications has attracted great attention because MSCs home to and engraft to injured tissues after in vivo administration. The expression of osteopontin (OPN) is elevated in response to injury and inflammation, and its role on rat bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (rMSCs)-directed migration(More)
Microglia play an important role in immune and inflammatory responses in the central nervous system. Astragalus polysaccharide (APS) has been reported as an immune stimulant for various inflammation-associated diseases in vivo. The present study investigated the effects of APS on lipopolysaccharide-stimulated inflammatory responses in microglial cells.(More)