In streaming time series the Clustering problem is more complex, since the dynamic nature of streaming data makes previous clustering methods inappropriate. In this paper, we propose firstly a new method to evaluate Clustering in streaming time series databases. First, we introduce a novel multi-resolution PAA (MPAA) transform to achieve our iterative… (More)
BACKGROUND Although nodal invasion represents one of the most powerful prognostic indicators in colorectal cancer, marked heterogeneity exists within stage III patients. Recently, the lymph node ratio (LNR), defined as the ratio of the number of positive nodes over the total number of examined nodes, was proposed to stratify outcome in stage III patients.… (More)
Here, we compare the evolutionary routes by which bacteria and insects have evolved enzymatic processes for the degradation of four classes of synthetic chemical insecticide. For insects, the selective advantage of such degradative activities is survival on exposure to the insecticide, whereas for the bacteria the advantage is simply a matter of access to… (More)
Assembly of nanowires into ordered macroscopic structures with new functionalities has been a recent focus. In this Letter, we report a new route for ordering hydrophilic Ag nanowires with high aspect ratio by flowing through a glass capillary. The present glass capillary with well-defined silver nanowire films inside can serve as a portable and reusable… (More)
Two mutations have been found in five closely related insect esterases (from four higher Diptera and a hymenopteran) which each confer organophosphate (OP) hydrolase activity on the enzyme and OP resistance on the insect. One mutation converts a Glycine to an Aspartate, and the other converts a Tryptophan to a Leucine in the enzymes' active site. One of the… (More)
Phosphotriesterases catalyze the hydrolytic detoxification of phosphotriester pesticides and chemical warfare nerve agents with various efficiencies. The directed evolution of phosphotriesterases to enhance the breakdown of poor substrates is desirable for the purposes of bioremediation. A limiting factor in the identification of phosphotriesterase mutants… (More)
A maximum-likelihood tree was constructed by using MEGA5 software (http://www.megasoftware.net) with 2,000 replicates for bootstrap testing. The tree was rooted with Rift Valley fever virus (GenBank accession no. DQ380147.1). Scale bar indicates nucleotide substitutions per site.
One-dimensional metal chalcogenide nanostructures are important candidates for many technological applications such as photovoltaic and thermoelectric devices. However, the design and synthesis of one-dimensional metal chalcogenide nanostructured materials with controllable components and properties remain a challenge. We report a general chemical… (More)