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Although practiced clinically for more than 40 years, the use of hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplants remains limited by the ability to expand these cells ex vivo. An unbiased screen with primary human HSCs identified a purine derivative, StemRegenin 1 (SR1), that promotes the ex vivo expansion of CD34+ cells. Culture of HSCs with SR1 led to a 50-fold(More)
Measurements of the abundance of common metabolites in cultured embryonic stem (ES) cells revealed an unusual state with respect to one-carbon metabolism. These findings led to the discovery of copious expression of the gene encoding threonine dehydrogenase (TDH) in ES cells. TDH-mediated catabolism of threonine takes place in mitochondria to generate(More)
Pasteurella (Mannheimia) haemolytica leukotoxin (Lkt) causes cell type- and species-specific effects in ruminant leukocytes. Recent studies indicate that P. haemolytica Lkt binds to bovine CD18, the common subunit of all beta2 integrins. We designed experiments with the following objectives: to identify which member of the beta2 integrins is a receptor for(More)
Wound healing requires an elaborate interplay between numerous cell types that orchestrate a series of regulated and overlapping events. Fibrocytes are a unique leukocyte subpopulation implicated in this process. One role proposed for these cells in wound healing is to synthesize extracellular matrix. Interestingly, using mass spectrometry to quantify(More)
Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans leukotoxin and Escherichia coli alpha-hemolysin are RTX toxins that kill human immune cells. We have obtained a monoclonal antibody (295) to a cell surface molecule present on toxin-sensitive HL60 cells that can inhibit cytolysis by both RTX toxins. Utilization of this monoclonal antibody for immunoaffinity purification(More)
The growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible 45beta (GADD45beta) gene product has been implicated in the stress response, cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis. Here we demonstrated the unexpected expression of GADD45beta in the embryonic growth plate and uncovered its novel role as an essential mediator of matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) expression during(More)
We recently reported that mice deficient in the programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) immunoinhibitory coreceptor develop autoimmune dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), with production of high-titer autoantibodies against a heart-specific, 30-kDa protein. In this study, we purified the 30-kDa protein from heart extract and identified it as cardiac troponin I (cTnI),(More)
para-Hydroxybenzoate hydroxylase catalyzes a two-step reaction that demands precise control of solvent access to the catalytic site. The first step of the reaction, reduction of flavin by NADPH, requires access to solvent. The second step, oxygenation of reduced flavin to a flavin C4a-hydroperoxide that transfers the hydroxyl group to the substrate,(More)
In contrast to T cell receptors, signal transducing cell surface membrane molecules involved in the regulation of responses by cells of the innate immune system employ structures that are encoded in the genome rather than generated by somatic recombination and that recognize either classical MHC-I molecules or their structural relatives (such as MICA,(More)
To define the pattern of change at the molecular and cellular levels during the healing of excisional skin wounds in the skeletally immature pig, mRNA levels for relevant molecules were assessed by semiquantitative RT-PCR using porcine specific primer sets and RNA isolated from normal skin and samples at various time post-wounding. Analysis of cellular(More)