Learn More
Chronic compression of the dorsal root ganglion (CCD) was produced in adult rats by implanting a stainless steel rod unilaterally into the intervertebral foramen, one rod at L(4) and another at L(5). Two additional groups of rats received either a sham surgery or an acute injury consisting of a transient compression of the ganglion. Withdrawal of the(More)
Pain and hyperalgesia can occur when the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and its roots are deformed mechanically in association with injuries or diseases of the spine. To evaluate the electrophysiological changes that contribute to this sensory pathology, intracellular recordings were obtained in vitro from DRGs that had received a chronic mechanical compression(More)
The E proteins of mammals, and the related Daughterless (DA) protein of Drosophila, are ubiquitously expressed helix-loop-helix (HLH) transcription factors that play a role in many developmental processes. We report here the characterization of a related C. elegans protein, CeE/DA, which has a dynamic and restricted distribution during development. CeE/DA(More)
SOX2 (Sex-determining region Y (SRY)-Box2) has important functions during embryonic development and is involved in cancer stem cell (CSC) maintenance, in which it impairs cell growth and tumorigenicity. However, the function of SOX2 in pancreatic cancer cells is unclear. The objective of this study was to analyze SOX2 expression in human pancreatic tumors(More)
A method for patch-clamp recording from intact dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cells in rat is described. The L4 and L5 DRGs with sciatic nerve attached were excised from rats (10-15 days old) and placed in a recording chamber after removing the ganglion sheath and dissolving the connective tissue with dilute collagenase. The somata of individual cells were(More)
In the presence of neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), high-affinity norepinephrine (NE) uptake by quail neural crest cells was significantly increased as judged by in vitro colony assay of adrenergic differentiation. In the presence of the related neurotrophins nerve growth factor (NGF) or brain-derived neurotrophic (BDNF) factor, or of basic fibroblast growth factor(More)
Axotomy increases the excitability of dorsal root ganglion cells with unmyelinated axons. J. Neurophysiol. 78: 2790-2794, 1997. To better understand the neuronal mechanism of neuropathic pain, the effect of axotomy on the excitability of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cells with unmyelinated axons (C cells) was investigated. Whole cell patch-clamp recordings(More)
The influence of pertinent growth factors on proliferation and differentiation of quail neural crest cell was assessed by in vitro colony assay in a serum-free (0.5% chick embryo-extract supplemented) culture medium. The factors tested included basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF; FGF-2), neurotrophins, and transforming growth factor-beta-1 (TGF-beta).(More)
Pain reduces itch-a commonly known effect of scratching the skin. Experimentally produced itch from histamine is sometimes accompanied by secondary sensations of pain. The present study investigated the effects of eliminating this pain, by means of a local anesthetic, on the itch and the enhanced mechanically evoked itch and pain that occur after an(More)