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AIM To investigate whether long-term potentiation (LTP) induced by nicotine and tetanic stimulation in the hippocampal CA1 region shares different mechanisms. METHODS Extracellular population spikes of the pyramidal cell layer in the hippocampal CA1 region were recorded in vitro. RESULTS LTP induced by the tetanic stimulation could be facilitated by(More)
A planar capacitive sensor (PCS) capable of 2D large-scale measurement is presented in this paper. Displacement interpretation depends on independently measuring the periodic variation in capacitance caused by the change in the overlapping area of sensing electrodes on a moving plate and a fixed plate. By accumulating the number of quarters in each(More)
Wireless sensor networks (WSN) have attracted much attention in recent years for its unique characteristics and wide use in many different applications. Routing protocol is one of key technologies in WSN. In this paper, the position-based routing protocols are surveyed and classified into four categories: flooding-based, curve-based, grid-based and ant(More)
Fingerprint image enhancement is a essential preprocessing step to ensure good performance in Automatic Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS). In this paper, we proposed a new fingerprint enhancement algorithm based on morphological filter. This algorithm first employs the idea of median filtering based on the Mehtre method to obtain a reliable ridge(More)
Nicotine enhances the function of learning and memory, but the underlying mechanism still remains unclear. Hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) is assumed to be a cellular mechanism of learning and memory. Our previous experiments showed that with the single pulses evoking 80% of the maximal population spike (PS) amplitude, nicotine (10 μmol/L) induced(More)
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