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In this study, we examined the involvement of chemokine monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in the spinal cord of a rat model of cancer-induced bone pain (CIBP). In this model, CIBP was established by an intramedullary injection of Walker 256 cells into the tibia of rats. We observed a significant increase in expression levels of MCP-1 and its(More)
The activation of microglia and astrocytes in the spinal cord is involved in the progress of cancer pain. Propentofylline (PPF), a glial modulating agent, alleviates pain hypersensitivity in neuropathic pain models. The present study investigated the potential roles of PPF in a preclinical rat model of bone caner pain established by inoculating Walker 256(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have demonstrates that, after nerve injury, extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) activation in the spinal cord-initially in neurons, then microglia, and finally astrocytes. In addition, phosphorylation of ERK (p-ERK) contributes to nociceptive responses following inflammation and/or nerve injury. However, the role(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that chemokine C-C motif receptor 2 (CCR2) plays an important role in neuropathic pain. It has been shown that spinal CCR2 is upregulated in several neuropathic pain models and expressed by neuronal and glial cells in the spinal cord. In this study, we investigated the expression changes and cellular localization of spinal(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) released within the spinal cord induces phosphorylation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors on the spinal cord neurons. This process is necessary for maintaining pain hypersensitivity after nerve injury. However, little is known about the role of BDNF and NMDA receptors in cancer-induced bone pain (CIBP), whose(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that chemokine monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is significantly involved in the activation of spinal microglia associated with pathological pain, at the same time that the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Protein Kinase B (PI3K/Akt) pathway localized in spinal microglia is involved in both neuropathic and inflammatory(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that fractalkine, a newly discovered chemokine, is implicated in spinal cord neuron-to-microglia activation signaling as well as mediation of neuropathic and inflammatory pain via its sole receptor CX3CR1, which is specifically expressed on microglia. However, whether it is involved in bone cancer pain (BCP) and the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the application value and feasibility of various cervical screening methods and to explore a rapid and efficient cervical cancer screening program for the women in the rural areas of China. METHODS We sequentially conducted human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA test by hybrid capture-2 (hc2) with cervical cells, liquid-based thinprep(More)
Previous studies have suggested that the release of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) from microglia in spinal cord is necessary for maintaining pain hypersensitivity after nerve injury. However, little is known about its role in cancer-induced bone pain (CIBP), which is in some ways unique. This study demonstrates a critical role of minocycline (a(More)
The variation in mutations in exons 3, 6, 7, 11 and 12 of the phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) gene was investigated in 59 children with phenylketonuria (PKU) and 100 normal children. Three single nucleotide polymorphisms were detected by sequence analysis. The mutational frequencies of cDNA 696, cDNA 735 and cDNA 1155 in patients were 96.2%, 76.1% and 7.6%,(More)