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—The approach of using a random matrix for extended object and group target tracking (EOT and GTT) is efficient. Designing and effectively applying this approach rely on modeling the extended object and group targets accurately. To describe complex dynamical variation and practical observation distortion of the extension in size, shape and orientation, two(More)
—For irregular extended object and group target tracking (IEOT and IGTT), using a random matrix to simplify the extension as an ellipsoid, although efficient, may not be accurate without losing useful information in shape and orientation. In view of this, we consider modeling an irregular extended object or target group as a combination of multiple regular(More)
—The state of some practical dynamic systems satisfies constraints, which can be utilized to improve the performance of state estimation. State estimation with nonlinear inequality constraints is a challenging problem. Projection methods are widely used to solve this problem. In this paper, a projection method is formulated as a special nonlinear function.(More)
In this study, the U.S. Navy's Generalized Digital Environmental Model (GDEM) climatological temperature and salinity data on a 0.5Њ ϫ 0.5Њ grid is used to investigate the seasonal variabilities of the Japan/East Sea (JES) thermohaline structure and circulations. The GDEM for the JES was built up on historical (1930–97) 136 509 temperature and 52 572(More)
The second part of this work investigates the seasonal variabilities of the Japan/East Sea (JES) circulation using the U.S. Navy Generalized Digital Environmental Model (GDEM) climatological temperature and salinity dataset (public domain) on a 0.5Њ ϫ 0.5Њ grid. A variational P-vector method was developed to invert the velocity field. The GDEM for the JES(More)
—The problem of modeling and estimation for linear equality constrained (LEC) systems is considered. The exact constrained dynamic model usually is not readily available or is too complicated, and hence in many studies an auxiliary dynamic model is employed in which the state does not necessarily obey the constraint strictly. Based on the understanding that(More)
The hydrodynamic features of a falling cylinder into the water column is investigated experimentally. The experiment consisted of dropping three cylinders of various lengths into a pool where the trajectories were filmed from two angles. The controlled parameters were, cylinder parameters (length to diameter ratio, center of mass location), and initial(More)
[1] One difficulty for ocean modeling is the lack of velocity data for specifying the initial condition. Diagnostic initialization is widely used; it integrates the model from known temperature (T c) and salinity (S c) and zero velocity fields while holding (T c , S c) unchanged. After a period (around 30 days) of the diagnostic run, the velocity field (V(More)