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A common strategy for achieving global convergence in the solution of semi-innnite programming (SIP) problems, and in particular of continuous minimax problems, is to (approximately) solve a sequence of discretized problems, with a progressively ner discretization meshes. Finely discretized minimax and SIP problems, as well as other problems with many more(More)
The acute-phase protein serum amyloid A (SAA) is commonly considered a marker for inflammatory diseases; however, its precise role in inflammation and infection, which often result in neutrophilia, remains ambiguous. In this study, we demonstrate that SAA is a potent endogenous stimulator of granulocyte colony-stimulated factor (G-CSF), a principal(More)
BACKGROUND Upon initial infection with mycobacteria, macrophages secrete multiple cytokines and chemokines, including interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), to mediate host immune responses against the pathogen. Mycobacteria also induce the production of IL-10 via PKR activation in primary human monocytes and macrophages. As an(More)
The present study aimed to investigate the value of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) coexisting with a thyroid abnormality, and to improve the accuracy of PTMC diagnosis. The ultrasonic features of 38 PTMC nodules coexisting with a thyroid abnormality and 56 thyroid benign nodules, obtained by surgical resection(More)
The role of leptin and its receptors (OBRs) in the pathogenesis of various primary human malignancies has been demonstrated. However, their expression and clinicopatholog-ical significance in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is not fully understood. In this study, we examined the expression of leptin and OBRs in 76 PTC samples using immunohistochemistry, and(More)
In the title compound, [Zn(C(10)H(4)Cl(2)NO(2))(2)(H(2)O)(2)]·H(2)O, the Zn atom has a distorted square-pyramidal geometry comprising two O atoms and one N atom from two distinct 3,7-dichloro-quinoline-8-carboxyl-ate ligands, and two water mol-ecules. The free water mol-ecules are involved in inter-molecular O-H⋯O hydrogen bonding with the coordinated water(More)
An error is pointed out in the local convergence proof in the quoted paper SIAM A correct proof is given. The proof of Lemma 3.14 in 2] is incorrect. Namely, proving the claim in the second sentence of the proof does not \complete the proof" as stated. To see this, note that the mathematical induction argument hinted at in that sentence merely proves that,(More)
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