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Pin1 is an essential and conserved mitotic peptidyl-prolyl isomerase (PPIase) that is distinct from members of two other families of conventional PPIases, cyclophilins and FKBPs (FK-506 binding proteins). In response to their phosphorylation during mitosis, Pin1 binds and regulates members of a highly conserved set of proteins that overlaps with antigens(More)
Aurora B regulates chromosome segregation and cytokinesis and is the first protein to be implicated as a regulator of bipolar attachment of spindle microtubules to kinetochores. Evidence from several systems suggests that Aurora B is physically associated with inner centromere protein (INCENP) in mitosis and has genetic interactions with Survivin. It is(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) are thought to initiate and coordinate cell division processes by sequentially phosphorylating key targets; in most cases these substrates remain unidentified. RESULTS Using a screen that scores for phosphorylation of proteins, which were translated from pools of cDNA plasmids in vitro, by either phosphoepitope(More)
MPM-2 antigens, a discrete set of phosphoproteins that contain similar phosphoepitopes (the MPM-2 epitope), are associated with various mitotically important structures. The central mitotic regulator cdc2 kinase has been proposed to induce M-phase by phosphorylating many proteins which might include the MPM-2 antigens. To clarify the relationship of cdc2(More)
Polyploid giant cancer cells (PGCCs) have been observed by pathologists for over a century. PGCCs contribute to solid tumor heterogeneity, but their functions are largely undefined. Little attention has been given to these cells, largely because PGCCs have been generally thought to originate from repeated failure of mitosis/cytokinesis and have no capacity(More)
MPM-2 antigens, a discrete set of phosphoproteins that contain similar phosphoepitopes recognized by the monoclonal antibody MPM-2, are phosphorylated during M-phase induction. Our previous studies suggested that certain MPM-2 antigens are involved in the appearance of maturation-promoting factor (MPF) activity. Because the central mitotic regulator cdc2(More)
  • Y Wu, S Pan, +4 authors J Kuang
  • 2001
Xp95, a protein recently identified in Xenopus laevis, is potentially involved in progesterone-induced Xenopus oocyte maturation. In this study, we cloned a human homologue of Xp95, designated Hp95, and examined the effect of its overexpression on the growth properties of human malignant HeLa cells which have lost the contact inhibition of cell(More)
A 95-kDa protein in Xenopus oocytes, Xp95, was shown to be phosphorylated from the first through the second meiotic divisions during progesterone-induced oocyte maturation. Xp95 was purified and cloned. The Xp95 protein sequence exhibited homology to mouse Rhophilin, budding yeast Bro1, and Aspergillus PalA, all of which are implicated in signal(More)
Maturation-promoting factor (MPF), which is functionally defined by its ability to induce frog oocyte maturation independent of protein synthesis, is hypothesized to be the mitotic inducer in eukaryotic cells. Previous studies have demonstrated that the cdc2 protein kinase complex (p34cdc2-cyclin) meets the criteria for MPF. In the present study, we show(More)
Alix [ALG-2 (apoptosis-linked gene 2)-interacting protein X], a component of the endosomal sorting machinery, contains a three-dimensional docking site for HIV-1 p6(Gag) or EIAV (equine infectious anaemia virus) p9(Gag), and binding of the viral protein to this docking site allows the virus to hijack the host endosomal sorting machinery for budding from the(More)