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Prior studies have revealed associations of current lead exposure (blood lead) and past lead exposure (bone lead) with risks of hypertension and elevated blood pressure. The authors examined the effects of blood and bone lead on hypertension and elevated blood pressure in the third trimester and postpartum among 1,006 women enrolled in Los Angeles prenatal(More)
A hypoxic microenvironment plays a critical role in the development and progression of tumors. The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a process by which epithelial cells lose their polarity and are converted to a mesenchymal phenotype, which is regarded as a critical event in morphogenetic changes during embryonic development, wound healing, and(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors provide renal protection in patients with mild-to-moderate renal insufficiency (serum creatinine level, 3.0 mg per deciliter or less). We assessed the efficacy and safety of benazepril in patients without diabetes who had advanced renal insufficiency. METHODS We enrolled 422 patients in a randomized,(More)
Pattern matching in stock time series is an active research area in data mining. We propose a new real-time hybrid pattern-matching algorithm in this paper. The algorithm is based on the Spearman's rank correlation, rule sets and sliding window. The concept of sliding windows enables patterns matching to be performed only based on subsequence of stock data(More)
AIM Antioxidant transcription factor nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) has been shown in our previous studies to play a crucial role in protection against TBI induced inflammatory response in the brain. The objective of this study was to test whether tert-butylhydroquinone (tBHQ), a novel Nrf2 activator, can protect mice brain against(More)
The absorption and transport mechanisms of berberine, palmatine, jateorhizine, and coptisine were studied using a Caco-2 cells uptake and transport model, with the addition of cyclosporin A and verapamil as P-glycoprotein (P-gp) inhibitors and MK-571 as a multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP(2)) inhibitor. In the uptake experiment, berberine,(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether vector-based HIF-1alpha -targeted shRNA expression system (pSUPER(siHIF-1alpha)) can inhibit HIF-1alpha and VEGF expression in vitro and suppress retinal neovascularization in the murine model of oxygen-induced retinopathy. METHODS pSUPER(siHIF-1alpha) from which siRNA targeting HIF-1alpha could be generated was constructed(More)
Antioxidant transcription factor nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) has been shown in our previous studies to play an important role in protection against spinal cord injury (SCI) induced inflammatory response. The objective of this study was to test whether curcumin, a novel Nrf2 activator, can protect the spinal cord against SCI-induced(More)
Francisella tularensis (F. tularensis) has been designated by the CDC as 1 of the 10 organisms most likely to be engineered for bioterrorism. Symptoms of tularemia in humans are non-specific, thus making the disease difficult to diagnose. If not quickly diagnosed and treated, the disease has a high mortality rate--thus methods for early and specific(More)