Sharon Sampogna10
Michael H Chase10
Francisco R Morales7
Simon J Fung6
William F Simonds4
10Sharon Sampogna
10Michael H Chase
7Francisco R Morales
6Simon J Fung
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Hypocretin-1 (hcrt-1) and hypocretin-2 (hcrt-2) have been implicated in a wide variety of functions including sleep and wakefulness as well as related behaviors. Many of these functions of the hypocretins involve the activation of cholinergic neurons in the basal forebrain (BF). These neurons have been shown to exhibit age-related changes in a variety of(More)
In a previous study, we noted the presence of enlarged "spot-like" structures that are immunoreactive to hypocretin in specific regions of brainstem of aged cats; similar structures were not seen in the same regions of adult cats. In the present study, electron microscopy was combined with hypocretin immunohistochemistry to examine the ultrastructure of(More)
Gβ5 is a divergent member of the signal-transducing G protein β subunit family encoded by GNB5 and expressed principally in brain and neuronal tissue. Among heterotrimeric Gβ isoforms, Gβ5 is unique in its ability to heterodimerize with members of the R7 subfamily of the regulator of G protein signaling proteins that contain G protein-γ like domains.(More)
During embryonic development of the mammalian cerebral cortex, postmitotic cortical neurons migrate radially from the ventricular zone to the cortical plate. Proper migration involves the correct orientation of migrating neurons and the transition from a multipolar to a mature bipolar morphology. Herein, we report that the 2 isoforms of Myosin-10 (Myo10)(More)
Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) exhibit hippocampal damage and cognitive deficits. To determine the effect of apnea on the synaptic transmission in the hippocampus, we performed electrophysiological studies in an in vivo guinea pig model of OSA. Specifically, we determined the cornu ammonis region 1 (CA1) field excitatory postsynaptic potential(More)
The prolyl oligopeptidase family, which is a group of serine peptidases, can hydrolyze peptides smaller than 30 residues. The prolyl oligopeptidase family in plants includes four members, which are prolyl oligopeptidase (POP, EC3.4.21.26), dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV, EC3.4.14.5), oligopeptidase B (OPB, EC3.4.21.83), and acylaminoacyl peptidase (ACPH,(More)
The neuronally expressed G beta(5) subunit is the most structurally divergent among heterotrimeric G beta isoforms and unique in its ability to heterodimerize with the R7 subfamily of regulator of G protein signaling (RGS) proteins. The complex between G beta(5) and R7-type RGS proteins targets the cell nucleus by an unknown mechanism. Although the nuclear(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) can result in impaired cognition and mental acuity, and the generation of mood disorders, including depression. However, the mechanisms of neuronal damage for these complications have not been elucidated. Accordingly, using immunohistochemical technique with monoclonal antibody against(More)
The human operator’s ability to perform their tasks can fluctuate over time. Because the cognitive demands of the task can also vary it is possible that the capabilities of the operator are not sufficient to satisfy the job demands. This can lead to serious errors when the operator is overwhelmed by the task demands. Psychophysiological measures, such as(More)