Jian-Hong Chu

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AIM OF THE STUDY San-bai-tang (SBT), a Chinese herbal formula, is traditionally used as a skin whitener in China. In our previous screening assays, SBT was identified as an effective tyrosinase inhibitor. In this study, we aim to investigate the anti-melanogenic effect and mechanisms of SBT in B16 cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS Cell viability was examined(More)
Overexpression of EGFR and HER2 is seen in breast cancers and results in poor prognosis and decreased patient survival. Clinically, EGFR and HER2 are effective therapeutic targets. The objective of this study is to investigate the in vitro effects of furanodienone, an active chemical component isolated from Rhizoma Curcumae, on the activation of EGFR/HER2(More)
Estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) plays an important role in the development and progression of breast cancer and thus the attenuation of ERα activities is a promising treatment strategy. Furanodienone is one of the main bioactive chemical components of Rhizoma Curcumae which is commonly used in Chinese medicine for the treatment of cancer. In this study, we(More)
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling is constantly activated in human melanoma, and promotes melanoma metastasis. The dietary flavonoid apigenin is a bioactive compound that possesses low toxicity and exerts anti-metastatic activity in melanoma. However, the anti-metastasis mechanism of apigenin has not been fully elucidated.(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Atractylenolide II (AT-II) is a sesquiterpene compound isolated from the dried rhizome of Atractylodes macrocephala (Baizhu in Chinese), which is traditionally prescribed for melanoma treatment by Chinese medicine practitioners. Our previous study showed that AT-II can inhibit B16 cells proliferation. Here we investigate the(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Tyrosinase inhibitors are becoming increasingly important in controlling skin hyperpigmentation. We aimed to screen 50 extracts from traditional Chinese medicines (TCM) for tyrosinase activity-inhibiting agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS The 50 herbal extracts were prepared from 32 herbs and 18 TCM formulas, which are used as folk skin(More)
AIM To investigate the effects of schisandrin B (Sch B) on free fatty acid (FFA)-induced steatosis in L-02 cells. METHODS Cellular steatosis was induced by incubating L-02 cells with a FFA mixture (oleate and palmitate at the ratio of 2:1) for 24 h. Cytotoxicity and apoptosis were evaluated by 3-(4, 5-dmethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide(More)
Oridonin has been shown to exhibit therapeutic effects against hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in vitro and in vivo. This study aimed to identify the anti-HCC mechanisms of oridonin in HepG2 cells using proteomic and functional analyses. MTT assay showed that oridonin treatment for 24 hours dose-dependently inhibited cell growth with an IC(50) value of 40.4(More)
We investigated the involvement of MAPK pathways in the melanogenic effect of apigenin in B16 cells. Apigenin treatment for 48 h dose (5-20 μm)-dependently up-regulated protein expression levels of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) and melanogenic enzymes including tyrosinase, tyrosinase-related protein-1 (TRP-1) and TRP-2 and enhanced(More)
We aimed to screen for melanogenic agents among 35 botanical compounds. The compounds were first assessed with regard to their effects on tyrosinase activity in B16 cells. At 100 μM, 13 compounds showed tyrosinase activity-enhancing effects, ranging from 2.6 to 372.8% activation. Five of them showed more than 50% enhancement and were further tested for(More)