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FOXO1A and FOXO3A are two members of the FoxO family. FOXO3A has recently been linked to human longevity in Japanese, German and Italian populations. Here we tested the genetic contribution of FOXO1A and FOXO3A to the longevity phenotype in Han Chinese population. Six tagging SNPs from FOXO1A and FOXO3A were selected and genotyped in 1817 centenarians and(More)
The bark of Magnolia officinalis is a well-known Traditional Chinese Medicine. In the present study, two new alkaloids, named (S)-4-keto-magnoflorine (6) and (R)-3,4-dehydromagnocurarine (11), together with seven known alkaloids: (S)-magnoflorine (5), trans/cis N-feruloylputrescine (7/8), (R)-magnocurarine (10), (S)-tembetarine (12), (R)-oblongine (14), and(More)
Macroautophagy plays an important role in the regulation of cell survival, metabolism, and the lysosomal degradation of cytoplasmic material. In the immune system, autophagy contributes to the clearance of intracellular pathogens, MHCII cross-presentation of endogenous Ags, as well as cell survival. We and others have demonstrated that autophagy occurs in T(More)
Cells internalize soluble ligands through endocytosis and large particles through actin-based phagocytosis. The dynamin family of GTPases mediates the scission of endocytic vesicles from the plasma membrane. We report here that dynamin 2, a ubiquitously expressed dynamin isoform, has a role in phagocytosis in macrophages. Dynamin 2 is enriched on early(More)
Angiostrongylus cantonensis causes eosinophilic meningitis and eosinophilic pleocytosis in humans and is of significant socio-economic importance globally. microRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous small non-coding RNAs that play crucial roles in gene expression regulation, cellular function and defense, homeostasis and pathogenesis. They have been identified in a(More)
Following a myocardial infarction (MI), fibroblasts differentiate to myofibroblasts, which possess some of the characteristics of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and contribute to wound healing. Previous studies suggested that the miR-143/-145 cluster plays a critical role in SMC differentiation. Therefore, we determined whether miR-145 promoted differentiation(More)
T cell receptor (TCR) alpha alleles undergo primary and secondary rearrangement in double-positive (DP) thymocytes. By analyzing TCRalpha rearrangement in orphan nuclear receptor RORgamma-deficient mice, in which the DP lifespan is shorter, and in Bcl-x(L)-transgenic mice, in which the DP lifespan is extended, we show that the progression of secondary(More)
Microbial pathogens use a variety of their surface molecules to bind to host extracellular matrix (ECM) components to establish an effective infection. However, ECM components can also serve as an integral part of the innate immunity. Mice lacking expression of mindin (spondin 2), a highly conserved ECM protein, have an impaired ability to clear bacterial(More)
We aimed to investigate the role of miR-17 in cardiac matrix remodeling following myocardial infarction (MI). Using real-time PCR, we quantified endogenous miR-17 in infarcted mouse hearts. Compared with related microRNAs, miR-17 was up-regulated most dramatically: 3.7-fold and 2.4-fold in the infarct region 3 and 7 d post-MI, respectively, and 2.4-fold in(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypotheses that vertebral artery hypoplasia (VAH) is associated with an increased risk of ipsilateral spontaneous vertebral artery dissection (sVAD) and that hypoplastic vertebral arteries (VAs) are more prone than dominant VAs to dissection. METHODS In this case-control study, the population comprised 112 patients with sVAD and 224(More)