Jian-Guo Chai

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CD31 is an Ig-like molecule expressed by leukocytes and endothelial cells with an established role in the regulation of leukocyte trafficking. Despite genetic deletion of CD31 being associated with exacerbation of T cell-mediated autoimmunity, the contribution of this molecule to T-cell responses is largely unknown. Here we report that tumor and allograft(More)
Induction of antigen-specific tolerance to transplantation antigens is desirable to control host-versus-graft and graft-versus-host reactions. Following molecular identification of a set of minor histocompatibility (H) antigens, we have used selected HY peptide epitopes for this purpose. Intranasal administration of individual major histocompatibility(More)
The bias of αβ T cells for MHC ligands has been proposed to be intrinsic to the T-cell receptor (TCR). Equally, the CD4 and CD8 coreceptors contribute to ligand restriction by colocalizing Lck with the TCR when MHC ligands are engaged. To determine the importance of intrinsic ligand bias, the germ-line TCR complementarity determining regions were(More)
Allogeneic blood or BM transplantation (BMT) is the most commonly applied form of adoptive cellular therapy for cancer. In this context, the ability of donor T cells to respond to recipient antigens is coopted to generate graft-versus-tumor (GVT) responses. The major reason for treatment failure is tumor recurrence, which is linked to the eventual loss of(More)
In vitro, engagement of GITR on Treg cells by the agonistic anti-GITR mAb, DTA-1, appears to abrogate their suppressive function. The consequence of in vivo engagement of GITR by DTA-1 is, however, less clear. In this study, we show that Treg cells isolated from DTA-1-treated mice were as potent as those from untreated mice in suppressing conventional CD4 T(More)
CD4+CD25+ T regulatory cells (Tregs) can actively suppress immune responses and thus have substantial therapeutical potential. Clinical application is, however, frustrated by their scarcity, anergic status, and lack of defined specificity. We found that a single injection of a small number of expanded but not fresh HY-specific Tregs protected syngeneic male(More)
Although polyclonal regulatory T cells (Tregs) that once expressed Foxp3 (ex-Tregs) derived from Foxp3(+) Tregs have been described in homeostatic and autoimmune settings, little is known regarding the influence of the tumor environment on ex-Treg development. After adoptive transfer of HY-specific green Tregs (peripheral or thymic) to Rag2(-/-) B6 female(More)
BACKGROUND Regulatory T (Treg) cells, generated in vitro by Foxp3 gene transfer into naive CD4+25- T cells, have been shown to inhibit the development of inflammation and autoimmune disease, but it is not known whether they are able to prevent allograft rejection. This study investigated whether Treg cells generated from naive CD4+ T cells by Foxp3 gene(More)
MHC class II molecules are formed from polymorphic alpha and beta chains. While pairing of chains is most efficient within class II isotypes and haplotypes, limited pairing and surface expression of mixed-haplotype and -isotype class II molecules is common. The function of such molecules in antigen presentation has been established by the unique restriction(More)
We have further characterized the in vitro phenotype and function of anergic and suppressive CD4(+)25(+) T cells. Following TCR ligation, DO.11.10 CD4(+)25(+) T cells suppress the activation of OT-1 CD8(+)25(-) T cells in an antigen nonspecific manner. Although suppression was seen when using a mixture of APC from both parental strains, it was very much(More)