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In this paper, we present an unstructured peer-to-peer network called GridMedia for live media streaming employing a push-pull approach. Each node in GridMedia randomly selects its neighbors in the overlay and uses push-pull method to fetch data from the neighbors. The pull mode in the unstructured overlay which is inherently robust can work well with the(More)
We describe the design and implementation of unstructured peer-to-peer networks for large-scale live media streaming through global Internet in this paper. In so called GridMedia system, we adopt gossip-based protocol to organize end nodes into an application layer overlay. Each node in GridMedia independently selects its neighbors and utilizes a novel and(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Danggui-Shaoyao-San (DSS), a famous traditional Chinese medicine formula consisting of six herbal medicines, has been used to treat gynecological disorders and neural dysfunctions. AIM OF THE STUDY The present study was carried out to investigate the effects of DSS on cognitive ability and oxidative stress-related neuronal(More)
Peer-to-Peer (P2P) networks have emerged as one of the most promising approaches to improve the scalability of Video-on-Demand (VoD) service over Internet. However, despite a number of architectures and streaming protocols have been proposed in past years, there is few work to study the practical performance of P2P-based VoD service especially in(More)
Five tirucallane type C(26) triterpenoids, accompanied by two known compounds, 3α-hydroxy-24,25,26,27-tetranortirucall-7-ene-23(21)-lactone and 3-oxo-24,25,26,27-tetranortirucall-7-ene-23(21)-lactone, were isolated from the stem barks of Aphanamixis grandifolia. Their structures were established mainly by means of a combination of 1D and 2D NMR(More)
A combinative method of HPLC fingerprinting and quantitative determination was successfully applied to monitor dynamic accumulation of ginsenosides in five-year-old Panax ginseng roots from different harvest times. The optimal chromatographic conditions were achieved on a C18 column with gradient elution using acetonitrile and 1 mmol · L(-1) KH2PO4 buffer(More)
Seven new pentacyclic triterpenoid saponins, named dianversicosides A-G (1-7), together with nine known compounds, were isolated from the aerial parts of Dianthus versicolor. The structures of 1-7 were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data and chemical evidence. The absolute configuration of the 3-hydroxyl-3-methylglutaryl (HMG) group in 1-4 was(More)
Glycosides including triterpenoid saponins and flavonoid glycosides are the main constituents of Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch (licorice) and exhibit prominent pharmacological activities. However, conventional methods for the separation of glycosides always cause irreversible adsorption and unavoidable loss of sample due to their high hydrophilicities. The(More)
The three new pentacyclic triterpenes 1-3 were isolated and elucidated from the roots of Gypsophila oldhamiana, together with seven known triterpenes (4-10). These triterpenes were evaluated for their glycogen phosphorylase inhibitory activity and preliminary structure-activity trends are suggested.
The fingerprints of Rhizoma coptidis (Huanglian) collected in different growing periods were established by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and the seasonal variations of six alkaloids, namely berberine, palmatine, jateorrhizine, coptisine, epiberberine and columbamine were assessed. In order to highlight the differences of their HPLC(More)