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New protein parameters are reported for the all-atom empirical energy function in the CHARMM program. The parameter evaluation was based on a self-consistent approach designed to achieve a balance between the internal (bonding) and interaction (nonbonding) terms of the force field and among the solvent-solvent, solvent-solute, and solute-solute(More)
Parkinson's disease is a common neurodegenerative disorder in which familial-linked genes have provided novel insights into the pathogenesis of this disorder. Mutations in Parkin, a ring-finger-containing protein of unknown function, are implicated in the pathogenesis of autosomal recessive familial Parkinson's disease. Here, we show that Parkin binds to(More)
One of the most important functions of the plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) is to induce stomatal closure by reducing the turgor of guard cells under water deficit. Under environmental stresses, hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), an active oxygen species, is widely generated in many biological systems. Here, using an epidermal strip bioassay and laser-scanning(More)
To investigate the molecular basis of PTEN-mediated tumor suppression, we introduced a null mutation into the mouse Pten gene by homologous recombination in embryonic stem (ES) cells. Pten-/- ES cells exhibited an increased growth rate and proliferated even in the absence of serum. ES cells lacking PTEN function also displayed advanced entry into S phase.(More)
A tissue engineering approach was developed to produce arbitrary lengths of vascular graft material from smooth muscle and endothelial cells that were derived from a biopsy of vascular tissue. Bovine vessels cultured under pulsatile conditions had rupture strengths greater than 2000 millimeters of mercury, suture retention strengths of up to 90 grams, and(More)
Parkinson disease is a common neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the loss of dopaminergic neurons and the presence of intracytoplasmic-ubiquitinated inclusions (Lewy bodies). Mutations in alpha-synuclein (A53T, A30P) and parkin cause familial Parkinson disease. Both these proteins are found in Lewy bodies. The absence of Lewy bodies in patients(More)
Intermediate filament (IF) proteins are constituents of the cytoskeleton, conferring resistance to mechanical stress, and are encoded by a dispersed multigene family. In man we have identified two isoforms (180 and 150 kDa) of the IF protein synemin. Synemin alpha and beta have a very short N-terminal domain of 10 amino acids and a long C-terminal domain(More)
Mouse macrophages can be stimulated by interferon (IFN)-gamma and bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to produce nitric oxide (NO) as the result of expression of the inducible NO synthase (iNOS; EC 1.14.13.39) gene. The iNOS gene promoter contains a candidate gamma-interferon-activated site (GAS). In transfection studies reported here, it was demonstrated(More)
A study was conducted to evaluate the effect of supplemental yeast culture (Diamond V XP Yeast Culture; YC) in broiler diets on performance, digestibility, mucosal development, and immunomodulatory functions. One-day-old Arbor Acres chicks (n = 960) were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 dietary treatments based on corn and soybean meal and containing 0, 2.5,(More)
A dimeric lectin, composed of subunits with a molecular weight of 40 and 41 kDa, respectively, and demonstrating similarity in N-terminal sequence to each other and to Aleuria aurantia lectin, was isolated from fresh fruiting bodies of the edible mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus. The lectin was unadsorbed on DEAE-cellulose in 10 mmol/L phosphate buffer (pH(More)