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Neuron-restrictive silencer factor (NRSF), also known as repressor element-1 silencing transcription factor, is a transcriptional repressor that plays important roles in embryonic development and neurogenesis. Recent findings show that NRSF is upregulated after seizures activity however, the link between NRSF and epileptogenesis remains poorly understood.(More)
PURPOSE The ketogenic diet (KD) has been used as an effective antiepileptic treatment for nearly a century. Inhibition of glycolysis and increased levels of ketone bodies are both known to contribute to the antiepileptic effects of the KD. Neuron-restrictive silencer factor (NRSF), also known as RE-1 silencing transcription factor (REST), is implicated in(More)
1. We have expressed the GABA transporter (GAT1) of mouse brain in Xenopus oocytes and have investigated the effects of four antiepileptic drugs, tiagabine (TGB), vigabatrin (VGB), gabapentin (GBP) and valproate (VAL), on GAT1 transporter function by measurements of 3H-labelled GABA uptake and GAT1-mediated currents. 2. Not only TGB, a well-known inhibitor(More)
γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. The termination of GABA transmission is through the action of a family of membrane proteins, called GABA transporters (GAT1-4). It is well established that GABA system is involved in the modulation of memory. Our previous study showed that homozygous GAT1(-/-)(More)
As antioxidants, polyphenols are considered to be potentially useful in preventing chronic diseases in man, including Parkinson's disease (PD), a disease involving dopamine (DA) neurons. Our studies have demonstrated that polyphenols extracted from green tea (GT) can inhibit the uptake of 3H-dopamine (3H-DA) and 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+)) by DA(More)
The GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) transporter (GAT1) belongs to a superfamily of secondary active uptake systems for neurotransmitters that depend on the electrochemical gradients for Na+ and Cl-. In the GAT1, two Na+ ions and one Cl- ion are co-transported with one GABA molecule. Steady-state transport activity and transient charge movements during(More)
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a unique synovial joint whose development differs from the formation of other synovial joints. Mutations have been associated with the developmental defects of the TMJ only in a few genes. In this study, we report the expression of the homeobox gene Shox2 in the cranial neural crest derived mesenchymal cells of the(More)
Micromolar concentrations of beta-amyloid (Abeta), a 40/42-amino-acid-long proteolytic fragment (Abeta(1-40/42)) of the amyloid precursor protein, was shown previously to play a crucial role in pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. We used the Xenopus oocyte expression system to investigate specific effects of micromolar concentrations of Abeta(1-42) on the(More)
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transporter subtype 1 (GAT1), which transports extracellular GABA into presynaptic neurons, plays an important regulatory role in the function of GABAergic systems. However, the contributions of the GAT1 in regulating mental status are not fully understood. In this paper, we observed the behavioral alterations of GAT1 knockout(More)
Neuron-restrictive silencer factor (NRSF)/neuronal repressor element-1 silencing transcription factor (REST) and its neuron-specific truncated form REST4 participates in the pathological processes of nervous system diseases, such as global ischemia, epilepsy, Huntington disease and so on. In this paper, we investigated the changes of NRSF and REST4 in a(More)