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Next generation of Web services aim at providing whole solution by composition of distributed services. This new characteristic meets the need of facilitating the operation of holonic virtual enterprise(HVE), a form of virtual enterprise, which organizes resources in form of holarchy to satisfy customers and meet market requirements. In this paper, holonic(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system and is characterized by motor system disorders resulting in loss of dopamine producing brain cells. Acidic fibroblast growth factor, also called FGF1, promotes the survival of neurons. The aims of the present study were to confirm FGF1 could protect neurons cultures from(More)
This paper proposes a novel compressive hyperspectral (HS) imaging approach that allows for high-resolution HS images to be captured in a single image. The proposed architecture comprises three key components: spatial-spectral encoded optical camera design, over-complete HS dictionary learning and sparse-constraint computational reconstruction. Our(More)
Mechano-growth factor (MGF) generated by cells in response to mechanical stimulation has been identified as a mechano effector molecule, playing a key role in regulating mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) function, including proliferation and migration. However, the mechanism(s) underlying how MGF-induced MSC migration occurs is still unclear. In the present(More)
A simple and rapid method for separation of cells is to functionalize magnetic particles with a receptor that selectively captures the target and then pull the magnetic particles out of the mixture upon applying a magnetic field. The separation efficiency of magnetic separation, however, is typically limited by the nonspecific interaction between the(More)
A disintegrin and metalloproteinase 33 (ADAM33) has been identified as an asthma susceptibility gene; however, the role of ADAM33 in the pathogenesis and progression of asthma remains to be elucidated. As ADAM33 is predominantly expressed in airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs), it is feasible to investigate whether ADAM33 protein expression is correlated(More)
BACKGROUND Acupuncture has traditionally been used in China in the treatment of bronchial asthma and is being increasingly applied in Western countries. Although there are many published studies on acupuncture and asthma, few meet the scientific criteria necessary to prove the effectiveness of acupuncture. OBJECTIVE To examine the short- and long-term(More)
Replacing the liquid electrolytes in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) with solid-state hole-transporting materials (HTMs) may solve the packaging challenge and improve the long-term stability of DSCs. The efficiencies of such solid-state DSCs (ss-DSCs), however, have been far below the efficiencies of their counterparts that use liquid electrolytes,(More)
Vertically ordered nanostructures synthesized directly on transparent conducting oxide have shown great promise for overcoming the limitations of current dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) based on random networks of nanoparticles. However, the synthesis of such structures with a high internal surface area has been challenging. Here we demonstrate a(More)
Enzyme-assisted bottom-up nanofabrication has attracted considerable attention because it provides an ideal strategy for fabricating and tailoring well-defined nanostructures with desired properties under physiological reaction conditions. Here, we report self-assembly and transformation of nanostructures controlled by enzymatic kinetics in a system(More)