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Microsatellites, or simple sequence repeats (SSRs), are very useful molecular markers for a number of plant species. We used a new publicly available module (TROLL) to extract microsatellites from the public database of soybean expressed sequence tag (EST) sequences. A total of 12,833 sequences containing di- to penta-type SSRs were identified from 200,516(More)
Agmatine, decarboxylated from arginine by arginine decarboxylase, is particularly prominent in the hypothalamus. The present study utilized the rat hypothalamo-neurohypophysial system to determine expression and "pre-synaptic" modulation of agmatine in the central nervous system (CNS). Under confocal-laser scanning, agmatine-like immunoreactivity (Agm-LI)(More)
The polyphenolic compound 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-beta-D-glucoside (THSG) has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory effects. Here, we examined the effects of THSG on experimental mice with colitis induced by acetic acid and whether the underlying mechanisms were associated with the PPAR-γ and NF-κB pathways. Mice were randomized into six equal(More)
AIM To test the effect of 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-beta-D-glucoside (THSG) on doxorubicin (DOX)-induced cardiotoxicity. METHODS We used neonate rat cardiomyocytes and an acute mouse model of DOX-induced cardiotoxicity to examine the protective effect of THSG. RESULTS In the mouse model, administration of THSG significantly reduced DOX-induced(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the protective effects of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) on cochlear neurons and hair cells in vitro and in vivo. MATERIAL AND METHODS In Experiment I, cultured spiral ganglion neurons (SGNs) prepared from postnatal Day 3 mice were exposed to 20 mM glutamate for 2 h before the culture medium was replaced with fresh medium(More)
Oxidative stress has recently been considered as a pivotal player in the pathogenesis of diabetic gastrointestinal dysfunction. We therefore investigated the role of 2, 3, 5, 4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-beta-D-glucoside (THSG) that has a strong anti-oxidant property, in diabetic gastrointestinal dysmotility as well as the underlying protective mechanisms.(More)
AIM To determine the effects of the centrally antihypertensive drug moxonidine injected into the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) on baroreflex function in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). METHODS Baroreflex sensitivity control of renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) and barosensitivity of the RVLM presympathetic neurons were determined(More)
The purpose of this study was to observe the protective effects of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) on the cells of the inner ear using in vivo experiments. The studies were carried out using guinea pigs in which bFGF or artificial perilymph was perfused into the cochlea. The compound action potential (CAP) was measured before and after exposure to a(More)
In this study, multitemporal subpixel analysis was used to identify cypress canopies from Landsat 7 ETM+ imagery. One spring and one fall image were selected for each of two sites, an eastern one centered on Tallahassee, FL and a western one centered on Panama City, FL. Signatures derived from the two eastern images were applied on the two western images(More)
Experiments were performed in 25 urethane-anaesthetized male Sprague-Dawley rats. Forty-six RVLM neurons were identified as putative presympathetic neurons according to their arterial baroreceptor reflex related properties, i.e. they were inhibited by stimulation of the aortic nerve; silenced by elevation of blood pressure and had a cardiac cycle related(More)