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We studied the effect of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) preconditioning on the molecular mechanisms of neuroprotection in a rat focal cerebral ischemic model. Seventy-two male Sprague-Dawley rats were pretreated with HBO (100% O(2), 2 atmospheres absolute, 1 h once every other day for 5 sessions) or with room air. In experiment 1, HBO-preconditioned rats and(More)
OBJECTIVE A resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging study (fMRI) to investigate pretreatment regional differences in brain function, in patients with early treatment responsive (ERD) and early treatment nonresponsive (END) major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS Patients with MDD and healthy control subjects underwent fMRI. Intrinsic neural(More)
In this study we tested the hypothesis that hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning (HBO-PC) reduces retinal neuronal death due to optic nerve crush (ONC). Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to ONC accompanied by a contralateral sham operation. HBO-PC was conducted four times by giving 100% oxygen at 2.5 atmospheres absolute (ATA) for 1 h every 12 h(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of molecular hydrogen (H2) in a rat model subjected to optic nerve crush (ONC). METHODS We tested the hypothesis that after optic nerve crush (ONC), retinal ganglion cell (RGC) could be protected by H₂. Rats in different groups received saline or hydrogen-rich saline every day for 14 days after ONC. Retinas from animals(More)
Sciatic nerves in adult male rats were transected and reunited via a silicone chamber. This was followed by a focal injection of recombinant ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF). To evaluate the effect of this therapeutic approach and to explore its possible mechanisms, nerve regeneration was traced by horseradish peroxidase retrograde labeling. Functional(More)
To explore the relationship between the zinc distribution and zinc transporter 3 (ZnT3) mRNA expression in the mouse brain, zinc contents and its distribution were determined by synchrotron radiation x-ray fluorescence (SRXRF), and ZnT3 mRNA expression was examined by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and in situ hybridization. The results(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effectiveness of fluoxetine in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults. METHODS A meta-analysis was conducted between April 2008 and December 2010 at West China Hospital, Chengdu, China. Any randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in which fluoxetine were used for PTSD were considered through computerized(More)
Very large thermal conductivity enhancement had been reported earlier in colloidal suspensions of solid nanoparticles (i.e., nanofluids) and more recently also in oil-in-water emulsions. In this study, nanoemulsions of alcohol and polyalphaolefin (PAO) are spontaneously generated by self-assembly, and their thermal conductivity and viscosity are(More)
PURPOSE Effective therapy for visual loss caused by optic nerve injury or diseases has not been achieved even though the optic nerve has the regeneration potential after injury. This study was designed to modify amniotic epithelial cells (AECs) with basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) gene, preliminarily investigating its effect on transected optic nerve.(More)