Learn More
BACKGROUND Chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is an acquired autoimmune disorder that is characterized predominantly by a low platelet count. Thrombopoietin (TPO) receptor agonists increase production of platelets by stimulating the TPO receptor in people with chronic ITP. OBJECTIVES To determine the efficacy and safety of TPO receptor(More)
INTRODUCTION Previous studies of the association of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) Val66Met polymorphism with antidepressant efficacy are inconsistent. Thus, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS We searched MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, and Chinese Databases (Biomedical Literature Database, National Knowledge(More)
PURPOSE Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in the working population of the developed countries and also a significant cause of blindness in the elderly. This study aimed at examining the protective effect of H(2) saline on diabetic retinopathy in a streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat model. METHODS Sprague-Dawley male rats were(More)
In this study we tested the hypothesis that hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning (HBO-PC) reduces retinal neuronal death due to optic nerve crush (ONC). Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to ONC accompanied by a contralateral sham operation. HBO-PC was conducted four times by giving 100% oxygen at 2.5 atmospheres absolute (ATA) for 1 h every 12 h(More)
PURPOSE Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is characterized by increased oxidative and nitrosative stress, both of which lead to neurotoxicity and vascular permeability. Previous studies on a variety of organs indicate that hydrogen-rich saline not only has considerable antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, but also suppresses oxidative stress-induced(More)
Acetazolamide has been recognized as an effective treatment for acute mountain sickness. The efficacy of acetazolamide is related to metabolic acidosis, which promotes chemoreceptors to respond to hypoxic stimuli at altitude. In this study, adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with acetazolamide (100mg/kg or 50mg/kg, I.P.) for 3 days. Primary(More)
BACKGROUND To monitor weight gain during pregnancy and assess its relation with perinatal health outcomes, both unconditional (cross-sectional) and conditional (longitudinal) standards of maternal weight are needed. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to develop and validate unconditional and conditional maternal weight standards for use in Malawi, Africa. (More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of molecular hydrogen (H2) in a rat model subjected to optic nerve crush (ONC). METHODS We tested the hypothesis that after optic nerve crush (ONC), retinal ganglion cell (RGC) could be protected by H₂. Rats in different groups received saline or hydrogen-rich saline every day for 14 days after ONC. Retinas from animals(More)
Methane is reported to have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic properties. We investigated the potential neuroprotective effects of methane-rich saline (MS) on spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury and determined that its therapeutic benefits are associated with the activation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2). Rats(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a debilitating disease, effective prevention measures are in desperate need. Our previous work found that hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) preconditioning significantly protected rats from SCI after stimulated diving, and in vitro study further testified that HBO protected primary cultured rat spinal neurons from oxidative insult and(More)