Jiajun Xu

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In this study we tested the hypothesis that hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning (HBO-PC) reduces retinal neuronal death due to optic nerve crush (ONC). Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to ONC accompanied by a contralateral sham operation. HBO-PC was conducted four times by giving 100% oxygen at 2.5 atmospheres absolute (ATA) for 1 h every 12 h(More)
Acetazolamide has been recognized as an effective treatment for acute mountain sickness. The efficacy of acetazolamide is related to metabolic acidosis, which promotes chemoreceptors to respond to hypoxic stimuli at altitude. In this study, adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with acetazolamide (100mg/kg or 50mg/kg, I.P.) for 3 days. Primary(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a debilitating disease, effective prevention measures are in desperate need. Our previous work found that hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) preconditioning significantly protected rats from SCI after stimulated diving, and in vitro study further testified that HBO protected primary cultured rat spinal neurons from oxidative insult and(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of molecular hydrogen (H2) in a rat model subjected to optic nerve crush (ONC). METHODS We tested the hypothesis that after optic nerve crush (ONC), retinal ganglion cell (RGC) could be protected by H₂. Rats in different groups received saline or hydrogen-rich saline every day for 14 days after ONC. Retinas from animals(More)
OBJECTIVE Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) preconditioning (HBO-PC) has been testified to have protective effects on spinal cord injury (SCI). However, the mechanisms remain enigmatic. The present study aimed to explore the effects of HBO-PC on primary rat spinal neurons against oxidative injury and oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) and the relationship with heat(More)
To explore the relationship between the zinc distribution and zinc transporter 3 (ZnT3) mRNA expression in the mouse brain, zinc contents and its distribution were determined by synchrotron radiation x-ray fluorescence (SRXRF), and ZnT3 mRNA expression was examined by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and in situ hybridization. The results(More)
DNA polymerase (pol) is a ubiquitous enzyme that synthesizes DNA strands in all living cells. In vitro, DNA pol is used for DNA manipulation, including cloning, PCR, site-directed mutagenesis, sequencing, and several other applications. Family B archaeal DNA pols have been widely used for molecular biological methods. Biochemical and structural studies(More)
Decompression sickness is a systemic pathophysiological process caused by bubbles and endothelial microparticles (EMPs) are established markers reflecting competency of endothelial function and vascular biology. Here, we investigated the effects of bubble-induced EMPs on endothelial cells in vitro and vivo. Rat pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells(More)
Endothelial dysfunction is involved in the pathogenesis of decompression sickness (DCS) and contributes substantively to subsequent inflammatory responses. Escin, the main active compound in horse chestnut seed extract, is well known for its endothelial protection and anti-inflammatory properties. This study aimed to investigate the potential protection of(More)
In this study, we investigated whether nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) activation in astrocytes contributes to the neuroprotection induced by a single hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning (HBO-PC) against spinal cord ischemia/reperfusion (SCIR) injury. In vivo: At 24 h after a single HBO-PC at 2.5 atmospheres absolute for 90 min, the male(More)