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We have developed a novel tactile presentation system for assessing and training cognitive function on tactile senses. The device is operational in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) environment and capable of investigating the underlying neural mechanisms of tactile pattern discrimination. The primary components of the system include a finger movement(More)
The scandal of melamine-contamination has not been quite blown out, since the toxicity of melamine continues to raise concerns for public health. It has been well known that fetus and infant periods play the most important roles in brain development, whereas little has been done on the harmful effects of melamine on the center nervous system (CNS) of(More)
As an industrially synthesized chemical, melamine has been applied in a wide range of areas. However, many questions on the adverse effect and toxicity of melamine have been emerged, recently. In this investigation, the cytotoxicity of melamine on PC12 cells was evaluated. Furthermore, the effect of melamine on the transient outward potassium current (I(A))(More)
Since the melamine-contamination event happened in September 2008, there have been lots of studies about melamine toxicity, but very limited studies focused on central nervous system (CNS). In the present study, we investigated the effects of melamine (5x10(-4), 5x10(-5) and 5x10(-6)g/ml) on voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs) in hippocampal CA1 neurons(More)
BACKGROUND Bexarotene, a retinoid X receptor agonist, has been shown to reverse neurodegeneration in mouse models of Alzheimer's disease (AD), accompanied by a decreased level of amyloid-β (Aβ), which is a hallmark of AD. However, the mechanism underlying this therapeutic effect may involve enhancing the sensitivity to insulin. OBJECTIVE This study was to(More)
Fitts' law robustly predicts the time required to move rapidly to a target. However, it is unclear whether Fitts' law holds for visually guided actions under visually restricted conditions. We tested whether Fitts' law applies under various conditions of visual restriction and compared pointing movements in each condition. Ten healthy participants performed(More)
Maternal nutrition plays a critical role in physical growth and neurobehavior of offspring. The aim of this study was to assess the nature of maternal undernutrition on the physical growth and neurobehavior of newborn male and female rat pups. To attain this aim, a model of maternal 50% food restriction (FR50) was induced in Wistar rats. After parturition,(More)
Increasing of peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)) production during ischemia in the immature brain was considered to be associated with impaired cognitive function. GABAergic synapses played an important role in memory formation including the induction of long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD) in hippocampus. In the present study, we examined the(More)
The purpose of the study was to investigate the neurotoxic effect of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) on the properties of glutamatergic synaptic transmission in rat's hippocampal slices using whole-cell patch clamp technique. The amplitude and frequency of excitatory postsynaptic current (EPSC) were accessed on the hippocampal pyramidal neurons. The(More)
This study was to investigate the neurotoxicity of multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) by measuring neuronal excitability in rat hippocampal neurons and exploring the underlying mechanism. Whole cell patch-clamp technique was used. Action potential properties and the pattern of repetitive firing rate were assessed. Our data showed that spike half-width and(More)