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Recently, many studies utilizing next generation sequencing have investigated plant evolution and domestication in annual crops. Peach, Prunus persica, is a typical perennial fruit crop that has ornamental and edible varieties. Unlike other fruit crops, cultivated peach includes a large number of phenotypes but few polymorphisms. In this study, we explore(More)
Nicotinic α4β2* agonists are known to be effective in a variety of preclinical pain models, but the underlying mechanisms of analgesic action are not well-understood. In the present study, we characterized activation and desensitization properties for a set of seventeen novel α4β2*-selective agonists that display druggable physical and pharmacokinetic(More)
This article studies a contemporary treatment approach toward both diabetes and depression management by vanadium-enriched Cordyceps sinensis (VECS). Streptozotocin-induced hyperglycemic rats were used in the study. After the rats were administered with VECS, a significant reduction in blood glucose levels was seen (P < .05) and the levels of serum insulin(More)
Chronic opioid administration is associated with altered nociception. The mechanisms underlying these changes are not fully understood. Nociceptive transmission within the spinal cord is modulated by both excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters. Using spinal microdialysis, the effects of recurrent withdrawal on the release of gamma-aminobutyric acid(More)
Chronic use of opioid is associated with pro-nociceptive phenomena such as hyperalgesia or tolerance. The interaction between opioid and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) with respect to opioid-associated hyperalgesia and tolerance remains largely unknown. This study examines the effect of subcutaneous or intrathecal administration of(More)
Two widely used scales of Internet addiction (IA), the Internet Addiction Test (IAT) and the Chen Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS), were compared and a new scale of IA was assembled from their items with improved reliability in terms of classification consistency. A total of 467 Chinese college students participated in the study. Items were calibrated using(More)
The interaction of 13-desmethylspirolide C (SPX-desMe-C) and gymnodimine with several nicotinic and muscarinic acetylcholine receptors was investigated. Interaction at the muscarinic receptors was minimal. At nicotinic receptors, both SPX-desMe-C and gymnodimine displayed greatest affinity for the α7 receptor. The rank order for binding affinity (Ki) for(More)
We previously observed that microRNA miR-106b-5p significantly increased in serum of patients with acute ischemic stroke. The present study was to determine whether miR-106b-5p antagomir can protect against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and elucidate its underlying mechanisms. Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was operated on male Sprague(More)
Leaf caloric value (LCV) is a useful index to represent the conversion efficiency of leaves for solar energy. We investigated the spatial pattern of LCV and explored the factors (phylogeny, climate, and soil) that influence them at a large scale by determining LCV standardized by leaf area in 920 plant species from nine forest communities along the 3700 km(More)