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Studies of both humans and animals suggest that anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is important for processing pain perception. We identified that perigenul ACC (pACC) sensitization and enhanced visceral pain in a visceral hypersensitive rat in previous studies. Pain contains both sensory and affective dimensions. Teasing apart the mechanisms that control the(More)
—The two-stage Unscented Kalman Filter (TUKF) is proposed to consider the nonlinear system in the presence of unknown random bias in a number of practical situations. The adaptive fading UKF is designed by using the forgetting factor to compensate the effects of incomplete information. The TUKF to estimate unknown random bias is designed by using the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Most surgeons suggest the use of fecal diversion in patients undergoing low anterior resections of rectal tumors at high risk for anastomotic leakage. We describe an exploratory study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a new diversion method called a spontaneously closing cannula ileostomy, which was designed to protect rectal(More)
—This paper introduces an extended environment for the unscented Kalman filtering that considers also the presence of additive noise on input observations in order to solve the problem of optimal estimation of noise-corrupted input and output sequences. This environment includes as sub-cases both errors-in-variables filtering and unscented Kalman filtering.(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the application value of a spontaneously closed protective stoma (SCPS) in an ileal pouch-anal anastomosis, which is a novel procedure first performed in our hospital in 2008. MATERIALS AND METHODS Two males cases with ulcerative colitis and one female with familial adenomatous polyposis were treated with colorectal surgery at the(More)
BACKGROUND This study was designed to compare the long-term surgical outcomes of patients with mid and low rectal cancer after open or hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS). METHODS A case-matched controlled prospective analysis of 116 patients who underwent hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS) for stage I to III mid and low rectal cancer from(More)
This paper describes the design of ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) to implement fusion of the delay and non-delay data for nonlinear discrete-time system in order to achieve the excellent dynamic response. We proposed a fusion method with EnKF that only needs to update the stored covariance between two different time instants, instead of classical method,(More)
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