Jiagui Ma

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The central actions of parathyroid hormone (PTH) on the blood ionized calcium level in anesthetized rats and the neuronal activity of the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (VMH) in vitro were investigated. An intracerebroventricular injection of PTH (0.01, 0.1, and 1 microgram) prevented urethan-induced hypocalcemia in a dose-dependent manner,(More)
Numerous animal studies on the correlation between stress and immunity have been performed but few such studies have been made concerning the relationship between various kinds of stress-related emotional behavior and immunological changes. Electrical stimulation of the hypothalamus in cats elicits various emotional behaviors such as restlessness, defensive(More)
To elucidate hypothalamic involvement in blood calcium homeostasis, the effects of unilateral electrical stimulation (0.1 mA, 0.5 ms, 30 Hz, 60 min) of the lateral hypothalamic area (LHA), the paraventricular nucleus (PVN), and the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (VMH) on the blood concentration of ionized calcium were examined in the anesthetized(More)
The effects of hypothalamic lesions on stress-induced hypocalcemia, gastric damage, and swim test-evoked behavior were examined in rats. Bilateral lesions of the ventromedial nucleus in the hypothalamus (VMH) eliminated water-restraint stress-induced hypocalcemia and attenuated any gastric damage compared with those in the sham-operated rats. In contrast,(More)
Although hormonal regulation of blood calcium homeostasis has been intensively investigated in the peripheral organs, the involvement of the central nervous system in calcium regulation is still poorly understood. In the present study, we found that (1) bilateral lesions of the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (VMH), but not those of the(More)
Chronic use of morphine is accompanied by the development of morphine tolerance, which is one of the major problems associated with opiate treatment. Experimental evidence indicates that melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) is involved in development of morphine tolerance. Therefore, we investigated the influence of repeated intrathecal injection of a MC4R(More)
Hypothalamic mechanisms of blood calcium homeostasis and their functional heterogeneity were investigated in rats. Electrical and chemical stimulation of the lateral hypothalamic area (LHA), the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (VMH) induced hypocalcemia. The hypocalcemic effect of PVN stimulation was suppressed(More)
A hypothalamo-vagal mechanism of immobilization (IMB) stress-induced hypocalcemia was investigated in rats. Bilateral lesions in the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (VMH), but not those of the lateral hypothalamic area (LHA) or the paraventricular nucleus (PVN), eliminated the calcium-lowering effect of IMB. None of these lesions, however, affected(More)
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